PREVENTION OF MOSQUITO BITES AND BREEDING (MALARIA)

 In Rural Africa, outfitting wooden shutters and doors are closed against mosquito as the afternoon sunsets. In Kenyo, wads of fibres are inserted between the top of the wall and the roof, functioning as a screen that lets air through but keeps mosquito out along the swampy coast of Sierra Leone, people envelope them selves in thick cloth made from locally spun and woven cotton.


        Dr C.F Cutis of the London school of hygiene and Tropical medicine tested a typical cloth of this type and found it to thick for mosquito to penetrate and therefore effective as a means of protection from bites.
        The Dinka people of rural southern Sudan mix cow-dug  as hand cow urine, rubbing it on the exposed in the evening. 

        In savanna and other areas where anopheles mosquito predominates, animals are placed near the house entrance at night providing an accessible blood meal. In some areas, small animals such as goats are taken into the house at night and kept near the sleeping mat or foam, offering an alternative blood  meal for any mosquito that might have entered the house. However if the number of animals suddenly decreases may be war or other causes, human being becomes at risk (Maccomark, 1984).

        An important fact that is overlooked is that much malaria is caused by man examples by Engineers who carelessly leave pits, dams, upstream e.t.c by irrigation, poor disposal of  kitchen waste example empty canned foods, floreding ours sites in which anopheles mosquito breeds. Ideally, reservoirs and irrigation canls must be designed with smooth barks to flush the mosquito larval away (Maccormack, 1984). Spraying with insecticides interrupts malaria transmission. Spraying produces a marked and rapid reduction in both the incidence and prevalence of malaria. 
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