The high poverty rates in rural Nigeria 90 beyond low incomes, savings and growth because there are compounded by the high level of ingenuity resulting from unequal access to income, opportunities and basic infrastructure. In reaction to the horrendous poverty crisis in Nigeria, different interventionist programmes have been established by successive governments. Measures taken to combat rural poverty and promote rural development in the country actually started at the beginning of Nigeria’s statehood.

            Rural poverty is pervasive and its reality manifest in worsening incidence and seventy despite the vast human and natural resources, economic and development potentials the country is blessed with, that should translate into better living standards. Evidences in Nigeria show that the issue of poverty is multi-dimensional and encompasses issues such as inadequate income, malnutrition, poor social and political status especially in the rural areas (dowe, 2008). Both the quantitative and qualitative measurements attend to the growing incidence and depth of poverty in the country (FOS, 2003). This situation, however, presents a paradox considering the vast human and physical resource that the country is endowed with. It is even more disturbing that despite the huge human and material resources that have been devoted to poverty reduction by successive governments, no noticeable success has been achieved in the rural direction.
            Poverty reduction scenarios vary greatly depending upon the rate and nature of poverty related policies, actual evidence suggests that the depth and severity of rural poverty is still at its worst in Nigeria within the six geo-political regions, poverty is largely a rural phenomena. Rural poverty also tends to be deeper than urban poverty in these regions. It has become increasingly evident that within the Nigerian region, the poor are heterogeneous and that some element of dynamics does exist with a clear distraction between chronic and transitory poverty. Chronic poverty is considered the component of total poverty that is static and transitory poverty component that is attributable to the inter-temporal variability. The isolation of the process underlying chronic and transitory poverty type may obscure the other or even distort the effects of government anti- poverty programmes.
            In Nigeria, rural poverty is relatively high. A national poverty survey carried out indicates that southern areas have moderate poverty while the northern regions have poverty levels that are high (Okunmadewa et al, 2005, NBS, 2009). The average national poverty incidence indicates that this situation has not improved during the last 20 years in a majority of sub-saharan African countries, Nigeria included.
            For centuries, rural households are marginalized in terms of most basic elements of development such as educational and recreational facilities, healthcare facilities electricity portable water and motorable roads. They experience high population rates, high infant and maternal mortality rates low life expectancy and a peasant population that lacks modern equipment that can guarantee sustainable exploitation of the natural resources on which they live.
            The poverty situation in Nigeria is galloping. The scourge is geometrically increasing, the fight against poverty has been a central plank of development planning since independence in 1960 and about fifteen ministries fourteen specialized agencies, nineteen donor agencies and non-governmental institutions have been involved in decades of the is crusade but 70 percent of Nigerians still live in poverty (Soludo, 2003), The failure to festively combat the problem has largely been blamed on infrastructural decay, endemic Compton, poor governance and accountability (Omotola, 2008, Adesopo, 2008, Okonjo-(Weala, Soludo and Muwtar, 2003). With the recognition of agriculture dependent livelihood, the weaknesses of human capabilities, inequality exclusion and adverse incorporation, of conflict resource curse among rural Nigerians, the escape from this is tied up in a sustainable feasible and implementable programmes which can be improved through the incorporation of covariate risks which will not necessarily be the same across regions and states.
            In the Northern region, rural poverty occurring is characterized by religion conflicts, women discrimination from participation in certain type of work, illiteracy and low recreational facilities, conflict resource curse among northern teenagers which continue to degenerate growth. In Southern region, rural poverty, is characterized by agriculture dependent lively-hood corruption, low educational standard, low vocational and technical education, ethic conflicts and migration from rural to urban centimes in search of white collar jobs.
            Indeed, poverty in rural Nigeria is determined by unemployment, our-indebtedness, economic dependence, family size, inability to poverty the basic needs of life, lack of access to land and credit, low level of educational standard and inability to own asset/

            There is a growing evidence that the rural Nigeria has continued to worsen despite its natural resource endowment the determinants of rural poverty is subtle and complex. It has already been established that rural poor are marginalized in terms of most basic elements of development.
            Budding on recent literature, on rural poverty, they are often considered as those earning below a particular income recognized as the minimum amount required to provide the basic necessity for living. It entails lack of access to a range of basic services and infrastructure which includes education, health and farm inputs. Majority of rural Nigeria do not have access to the guilty and variety of food needed for a health living and fall below poverty line. Past studies (Onah, 1996, world bank, 2010) have established that most rural households are poor in Sub-Saharan Africa.
            The central banks of Nigeria (2012) notes that under the present administration, the depth and seventy of poverty is still at its worst in rural Nigeria and that poverty reduction rate are at 25.1 percent to 33.4 percent during the years 2000 and 2010.
            Thus, poverty denies the rural Nigerians the quality of life and the acquisition of basic needs. It makes the rural poor remain vulnerable to hunger. It therefore follows that it is necessary to problem into what makes rural Nigeria have different segments in terms of demographic of the commodity in which the rural households resides.
            In this study, we are interested in generating a vulnerability to rural poverty of the different segments of rural households in Nigeria. Vulnerability profiles of this type can be useful illustrative devices in the discussions of policy priorities among such segments of rural population in Nigeria.
            In view of the fact that Nigeria government have provided a lot of strategies to reduce poverty in the country, both theoretical and empirical literature have failed to capture the real factors that determines the rural poverty and as well, why the poverty rate of rural Nigeria is still high. The dearth of knowledge on generating venerability to poverty profiles are among different segments of rural populations and discriminating between different sources of vulnerability to poverty is a major policy challenge in Nigeria. Therefore, the study is interested in supplying the information lacking on these vulnerability to rural poverty issues.

            The broad objective of this study is to deepen our understanding of variables that determines rural poverty in Nigeria. More specifically,
a.         To determine present measures of poverty (Headcount, size, education, sex) overtime, in different regions.
b.         To access household characteristics and regions specific risks that affect rural poverty in Nigeria the country.
c.         To investigate vulnerability profile using expected poverty measures of different segments of rural population
d.         To access quantitatively and qualitatively the rural household determinates of poverty taking region specific risk into account.

            One major hypothesis that will be tested by this study is as follows;
1.         The characteristics of rural households and regions specific variables (Headcount, size, sex, Education) do not affect rural poverty in Nigeria.
2.         The household income and expenditure do not determine poverty rate among rural Nigeria.

            Previous studies conducted submit that there is a plethora of literature on the concept of poverty. This condition explains the complexity involved in the conceptual analysis and dissection of poverty overtime, successive government in Nigeria have embarked on anti poverty programmes directed at the rural poor and opening up the nations economic base towards greater responsiveness to growth and development. This work is premised on the need to examine the determinants of rural poverty in Nigeria.
            The study will serve as a source of information for policy makers and stakeholders in the poverty alleviation programme.
            The rural areas are essentially the areas which lack basic urban facilities in the form of physical structures, modern equipment, distinctive settlement and non-urban environment. In this regard, the study will guide the government and its agencies in implementing policies aimed at improving rural Nigeria.
            The study will, as well, be helpful to the general public and any one who might be interested in the research concerning rural poverty.
            The findings of the research and the recommendations contained therein will add more literature to the existing ones.

            This study is intended to cover the six (6) region specifics of the determinants of rural poverty in Nigeria. The study will focus on the rural areas of the six (6) geo-political zones in the country. The study shall make use of data from 1995 to 2010, a total of fifteen (15) years.     

            There are two main approaches in modeling the determinant of rural poverty. The first is to model the determinants of the indicator of welfare using household expenditure as a measure of good standard of living using the ordinary least square (OLS) estimation technique. The approach, we classify all households into the poor and shall make use of FGLS approach to estimate the determinants of rural household consumption. For emphasis sake, this is represented below;
            Assuming that the stochastic approach generating consumption of a household is given by
            INCL               =          Xh + eh


Click on the related links below and read more.
We can keep you updated on this information, please Subscribe for Free by entering your email address in the space provided.

Do you like this article? Share this article
Follows us on Google Plus Facebook & Twitter

·         A Business Proposal On The Establishment Of Palm Oil Mill Industry | Feasibility Study | Business Plan


·         Palm Oil | Traditional And Mechanized Methods Of Production | The Histroy, Properties And Characteristics


·         Palm-Oil-Mills/Nut-Consultants-Com | Feasibility Study | Business Plan | Proposal


·         Local Traditional Techniques And Innovations In Small-Scale Palm Oil Processing | Palm Oil Mill


·         Palm Oil Processing Machines | Palm Oil Processing Unit Operations


·         Processing Steps To Produce Palm Oil | Traditional Method | Power Mechanical Mill


·         Origin Of Palm Nut Oil And Its Importance | Oil Palm Fresh Fruit Bun Cot


·         Uses Of Palm Oil | Industrial Domestic Medicinal | Adultrants


·         Oil Palm Farm | Origin | Palm Fruit | Trading Palm Products | Preservation And Processing Methods


·         Palm Oil Tester | The Fast, Simple And Reliable Palm Oil Analysis System


·         Oil Palm Industry Report | Effect Of Additives On Some Physical / Chemical Parameters Of Palm Oil


·         Effect Of Long Storage Time Of Palm Kernel On The Characteristics Of Palm Kernel Oil


·         Effect Of Processing Method On Physiochemical Properties Of Palm Oil And Storage Stability


·         The Effects Of Palm Fruit Processing Method On The Physico-Chemical Properties Of The Palm Oil


·         Effect Of Processing Method And Storage Time Of Palm Oil Sample | Discussion Of Results


·         Palm Nut Oil Processed With And Without Adulterants | Palm Fruit Production | (Elaeis Guinensis)


·         Raw Materials And Methods For Palm Oil Production From Palm Fruits


·         Palm Oil Processing | Unit Operations | Palm Oil Mill Machines And Functions


·         Modern Processing Of Palm Oil Fruit Bunches Into Red Edible Oil | Palm Oil Mill

Share on Google Plus


The publications and/or documents on this website are provided for general information purposes only. Your use of any of these sample documents is subjected to your own decision NB: Join our Social Media Network on Google Plus | Facebook | Twitter | Linkedin