Government sector simply means the sector purposely established by government at al levels for rendering essential services to the general public. The main motive of the establishment is not channeled for profit making venture but to render essential services to the citizenry. Government sector such as ministries, departments, parastatals, hospital educational institutions, humanitarian agencies etc do not have profit as their main purpose for existing. This does not mean that they cannot or do not operate at profit, their main reason for existing is to provide services for which they are established. Government sector is made up civil servants and public servants.

Civil service: is a component public bureaucracy or service in which Ibe noon military workers, employees are engaged through competitive examination. The appointment basis subject to good conduct during Ibe years of service. Civil service is a place where great body of men and women translate laws into action  within local government state and the entire country. The are employed in the government civil service and the works in the minister parastatals  of the government.
            Public service is different form civil service because public service embraces the civil service and other parastatals. Commissions and agencies of the government which help for proper provision of goods and services to the people. A public servant is a person employed in the public sector of the economy. The employ of civil service in Nigeria was laid by Lord Lugard as Governor Clifford who succeeded him in 1921 put the civil service into action by building a central secretariat in Lagos. The Nigeria civil service is modeled on the British civil service which set up service during colonial days. Private sector means a process which involves the efforts of an individual in identifying viable opportunities in a business environment and obtaining and  managing the private sector, the proprietor(s0 take all the projects and bears all the losses as the case may be. They have absolute control of their businesses. Private company can be formed by not less than two but the maximum must not exceed fifty, excluding past and present employees of the company. A shareholder in the private company is not permitted to transfer his shares without the consent of the company.

Because government sector as discussed above is being owned by the government, either the local state or federal government and because natural resources of the “country” is always managed mostly and controlled by the government, the people working in the government sector earn more than those working in the private sector .

Job security: Since government is owned by everybody i.e all citizens of that country, all that concerns her citizens are being followed in due process including dismissal of a public or  civil servant in the local government area state or federal levels of the government unlike the private sector that is owned by one or group of person who have every right to dismiss any of their workers with our normal due process.

Flexibility and low monitory: Since government is a sector that involves every body and are not profit oriented, they are always flexible in supervising their workers and use to allow the workers to contribute to their affairs as in Human relation movement by Mary parker Foller (1960). He said that when workers  are allowed to participate in affair that concerns them, they fel hag. It gives them the since of belonging and will lead to increase productivity. Unlike the private sector that mostly inspect their workers believing in managerial theories by Tylor (1900-1935) which said that workers should be manipulated to increase productivity.
No risk of business closure:
            Civil service is a component of public bureaucracy or service which the non-military worker are employed in government services to work in any ministry or department of the government. They ensures the continuity of the government in any ministry or department of the government. They ensures the continuity of the body can ment in any country and government as a body can not close instead it can change so the workers under it have no fear of business closure unlike the private sectors that can close due to poor management or natural disaster just because they have limited resources.
            Government on retirement of pays pension and  gratitude to their workers while private sectors pay only gratuity and government is non profit making body their aim is to service and better the lot of their citizens while private enterprise motive is to satisfy their consumers and then make the highest profit.

Low payment: Since a private sector is an enterprise owned by one or group of persons, it always come in small or large scale enterprise. They always have the problem of insufficient fund either to start the business or for expansion so the small scale business operators will liker employee unskilled workers mostly their relatives.
            No job security: since private sector is owned by one or group of persons the owner has the right to demise any of his workers without a normal due process.
            The owner of the business which is always the manager, closely monitors his business ensure increase in productivity.
            Risk of business closure: Death of an active member or the owner of the business can lead to the closure of

Profit making motive: Since their motive is always to make profit, they like manipulating their workers to achieve their goal.
            Corruption and embezzlement of fund is very common in the government sector unlike the private sector that is always monitored closely by the owner or the manager of the enterprise.

Argument for
Government sectors are the sectors built, owned and managed by the government.
            Government sectors are established because of the following reasons.
1.         They provide essential services to the people. These services are very vital for stable and smooth running of government.
2.         Protection of the members of the public form exploitation in the hands of some greedy private businessmen. Some services like water and light are so essential for human survival that if private individuals are allowed to provide them on behalf of the government members of the public would heavily be exploited.
3.         National security survival and economic stability. Government sector is used to organize certain critical activities essential for national security, survival and economic stability e.g arms, Banking, broadcasting, international air transport etc.
4.         The initial capital required for building some corporations like airways are no high that no private sector or businessman can afford it, even with a loan.

i.          It is a legal entity which can sue and be soled
ii.         It determines the conditions of service for its employees  
iii.       Only those who make use of the services provided by the public corporation pay for it.
iv.        Government sector ensures equitable distribution of wealth and services in a country.
1.         Corruption and embezzlement of fund is very common in the government sector unlike the private sector that is always monitored closely.
2.         Ethnicity and tribalism in the recruitment, appointment, promotion and discipline of the staff.
3.         Shortage of qualified staff and poor management in the government sector.
4.         Government sector most often is set up a monopolies thereby denying the consumers of the services and opportunity for choice.
5.         Jealously hatred and unhealthy rivalry among the ranks and files of staff in the government sector.

Base on the points above government sector is created by the three tiers of government in order to render essential to the general public government sector is no channeled for profit making venture but to render essential services. Staff on employed in the government enjoy better conditions of service such as job security, protection of the members of the public form exploitation and so on more than those in the private sector for instance those in the private sector take all the profits and bear all the losses as the. They are also having absolute control of their businesses.

Since it is more profitable to gain employment in government sector than private sector I hereby make the following recommendations.
1.   Government at all levels should improve on the provision of essentials services to the people working in the government sector.
2.  Government should make appropriate law guarantee job security to the citizenry particularly those working in the government sector. This will go along way making them know the dos and don’ts of government sector.
4.   More job opportunities should be created to accommodate unemployed and able bodied youth in society.

Mbanefo, C.A.O (1995) Introduction to business management pg 8-9
Igwe, B.N. (2005) Public Sector Accounting
Ani, Wilson Uchenna (1988) government and publish sector accounting “(A professional approach) Immaculate publication ltd, no 2 Aku Street, Ogui New layout Enugu pg. 95-107.
Nwankwo, B.C. (1990) Authority in government pg 151-153.
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