The causes are as follow:
1.         Population effects on waste management: Nigeria urbanization trend has also been spectacular, to say least. For instance in 1921 there was not city in Nigeria with a population of over 1,000,000, while only 10 towns had population of 20,000 and above each.
            In 1931,24 towns has urban population status (in Nigeria, town with a population of 20,000 and above are regarded as urban) with two having up to 100,000 and above population. By 1984 estimates showed that there were 356 towns with population or 1000,000, 14 with 500,000 and above respectively.
Conclusively, between 1984 and year 2004 (a spare or 20 years) the population of has increased by people. This explosion in population growth has negatively impacted on the management of domestic polythene waste in the state population growth goes hand in with increased pollution and environment decay.

2. Attitude to work: Alamieyesigha (2004) in his book titled “managing employee productivity in Nigeria. a strategic approach noted that employee productivity of the Nigeria worker is too low, when compared with available human and natural resources. He attributed this incidence of low productivity to certain factors including sociological factors, which is fact in the manifested lack of sense of belonging in an organization and tendency by employees to perceive a “job” as another business. Confirming the slogan” “it is everybody’s job”. The negative to work has natively impacted on the waste management effort in Abakaliki.

3.         Inadequate vehicle, plants and equipments and necessary tool: It should be noted that waste disposal or deposited at designated points of collection has to be transported either to the transfer loading station where so try done or to the landfill or final disposal point.
Therefore, for effective collection system, there must be enough and well maintained equipment such as trucks, tippers, pay loaders, bulldozers, enough road sweeper, compactors and others. In Ebonyi state for example municipal solid waste transportation, collection and disposal has been epileptic, since the stat realized its responsibility to the environment. A lot of problem such as inadequate number of vehicles, lack of spare, death of fund, poor technical known how, poor maintenance culture, insufficient funding and lack of motivation has bedeviled the various agencies responsible for effective and safe waste management in Abakaliki.
4.         Corruption: Corruption is a canker worn that has eaten deep into every fabric of the Nigeria society. This we may not denied except to our collective demises and peril. The collage in most of the various agencies in waste management infrastructure in Abakaliki may be traced to this menace.
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