The importance of forest holds all of their inhabitants as well as for the over all health of the planet. The benefits of forests to the society and to the diversity of life make it vital that they be protected form deforestation and other potential negative impacts of civilization.

(1) Forest type

        Forest thrive in diverse climate regions throughout the world and can be categorized by their locations and elevations. They are vital store houses of the planet’s biodiversity. Sub-tropical consists of trees that can resist the summer drought.
(2) Climate
        Forest are major contributors to the earth’s ability to maintain its climate, by the global impact of their photosynthesis. They are natural defense against climate change, removing the green house gas carbon dioxide and generating oxygen. This assists in purifying the atmosphere and control rising temperatures but deforestation negates these benefits.
(3) Ecology
        In addition to assisting in climate control, forest have other ecological benefits. They prevent erosion by reducing the rainfall’s force on the soil’s surface and by absorbing water and not allowing it to directly run off and remove topsoil. Forests also act as water filters, collecting and storing water and recharging underground aquifers. Forests also increase the atmosphere’s humidity by transpiration, which affects temperature and rainfall.
(4). Commercial importance:  Mankind drives many benefits from forest ecosystems. May medicines and pharmaceuticals have been discovered in plants nature to forests. Local communities  survive on plants and animals culled from the forests. Products that modern society depends on such as wood, paper, and bamboo all originate, from forest ecosystems.
(5). Biodiversity
        Forests contain a greater range of biodiversity than any other ecosystems on earth. The wide variety of trees and plants found in tropical forests comprises particularly intensive biodiversity. Biodiversity is important on its own terms in ways we may not currently understand, as interdependent species have evolved over millions of years to interact and flourish.
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