Before delving into the subject matter of discuss, it is very pertinent to know what is legislation first, the term legislation simply refers to the formulation & determination of polices having legal consequences on members of the society. These policy decisions are most often expressed in legislature from and when communicated to the society in know legislation.

Following from the above premise, it surfixed to be asked what legislature do? The legislature is an arm or organ of government, which has the traditional role of making law for peace, order and good governance of the polity, be it  dependent or independent one. That is to say that we have two types legislature, which are to unit:
(1)       Bicameral legislature
(a)       The National Assembly                                                           
(b)       The House of Reps.
(2)       Unicameral legislature                                                   
(a)       State House
Bicameral refers to a process or act of carrying out legislative functions by the two chambers in a country, which include the upper and lower chambers. America presents a classical example of bicameral legislature
Unicameral meant a chamber, hence, in France it is often called the chambers of deputies, while in Israel it is called Knesset. 

Functions of the Legislature
Generally, legislatures perform the following functions:
1.   Making Laws: this is perhaps the most conspicuous and primary role of the legislature. That is, they can alter the existing laws to come to terms with natural or state exigencies, the power to amend and even repeal outrightly existing legislations.
2.  Control of Funds: the legislature approves any financial proposal initiated by the executive. It also determines the amount and nature of taxes that can be imposed by the executive via S. 120(1) of the (1999) Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, (as amended).
3.    Oversight function /Investigation:   the parliament under section 88 and 89 of (1999) constitution, as amended, (federal).                                                                             Section 128 and 129 (1999) constitution, (state), can conduct investigations into any affairs of the government which they have power to make law on. This will lead to invitation of the president or governors or other top government officials to appear and make explanations. The parliament in this regards, may take evidences and examine witnesses as if it is an ordinary court of law.
4.         Criticism of National Policies: the legislature in exercising the powers conferred on it by the constitution criticizes the National Policies of the government rendered by the executive.
This serves as an impetus, which gingers the executive arm of government to improve on its National & international policies. This legislative role also keeps the executive arm of government in check.
5.         Approval of Appointment: (a) the appointment of persons as ministers, by the president, commissioners by the Governors can only be effective if comfirmed by the senate and House of assembly respectively (section1472and1922(1999) Constitution, as amended. Such appointment must reflect federal character or state spread Section 14 (1999) Constitution, as amended.
Curiously these sections enjoin local governments to recognize this criterion of geographical spread of appointments. In like manner,(c) the appointment of special advisers both federal and state level must have the blessing of the parliaments(d).  The parliament shall determine their number and allowances, section 1512 & 1962 (1999) constitution, as amended. Through the law or mere resolution. The parliament has less function here like the case of ministers/ commissioners who must be screened before they are deemed appointed. It is an attempt to check and balance the powers of the executive by the legislature. (e)The Federal Commissioners, Councils whose chairman and members appointment must be confirmed by the senate. The same applies to chairmen and members of these bodies in the state, section 198 (1999) Constitution, as amended. Confirmation of appointment of Ambassadors, High commissioners or other principal representatives of Nigeria, abroad. Section 1714 (1999) constitution, as amended.
Curiously, the constitution does not require confirmation of the appointment of the secretary to the government, Head of service and Permanent Secretaries at both federal and state levels by the parliaments. This may breed abuse of power as The Chief Executive may notwithstanding section 144 (above) make appointment in these portfolios to the detriment of other sections of the country.
(6)       Declaration of War.(a) The legislature also determines whether the president can successfully declare was against  other country, as such declaration must be approved by a joint session of the National Assembly(S.54a (1999) constitution, as amended) (b)the armed forces of the country cannot be deployed outside (Nigeria) without the approval of the senate Section 54b (1999) Constitution, as amended. Although, this is subject to one exception and that is when!. “National security is under imminent danger or threat in which case the president can deploy the solders and seek the consent of the senate within seven days.
7.         Control of activities:
8.         Power of questioning:
9.         Amending the constitution
10.       Power of impeachment

            The Executive Arm: The executive refers to the arm of government charged with the responsibility of executing, enforcing laws, rules, polices and programmes of the government. It is daily at work, carrying out all the decisions of government. This arm of government at the federal level does not only include the president and his cabinet who exercise control over government polices and programmes, but also the permanent secretaries, directors, executive officers, police and armed  forces etc.
            Similarly, the executive arm of government (be it at the state or federal level) is usually made up of three main groups of institutions. Those include; the cabinet, departments (usually refereed to as ministries), and a class of institutions often referred to as government agencies, which include government boards, corporations and department.
            The cabinet is usually the nerve centre of the government. In Nigeria, the cabinet is usually composed of ministers of the federal level and commissioners at the state level.
Functions of the executive
1.         Initiation of bills: the executive initiates bills and submits same to the legislature in form of government or public bills through the majority leader or House leader. This is a legislative act though, performed by the executive.
2.         Defending Appropriation: The executive defends the appropriation or spending of money contained in the budget before the legislature.
3.         Signing of Bills: though, the law making power is the function of the legislature; no law making process initiated by the legislature is complete without the assent and the gazetting of the same by the executive, section 585 (1999) Constitution, as amended.
4.         Legislative Exercise: The executive engages itself in legislative duties such as dissolution of the legislature, delineation of senatorial districts and constituencies, and the control of legislative time table. Thus, section 64(3) and 105(3) of (1999) constitution, respectively provides for the dissolution of the legislative upon a proclamation by the president or a governor of a state, depending on the legislative house to be dissolved.
5.         Exercise of Prerogative Power of Mercy: This is a judicial act that the executive often uses to grant, pardon a person convicted of a crime created either by a federal or state law. Thus, Section 212 of the (1999) constitution.
6.         Execution of government programmes
7.         Appointment
8.         Co-ordination of control
9.         Control of the armed forces
10.       Economic planning and whole lots of others.
Considering the context of this presentation (the interplay between the legislature and executive in the implementation of bye-laws) vis-à-vis the position of the legislature and the executive arms as highlighted above, running down to the activities in the Local Government Council where bye-law is obtainable or enforced.          The Legislature (The Hon councilors), the Executive (the executive chairman/supervisory councilors e.t.c) in the implementation of bye laws. Curiously, when you talk about bye-law and implementation of it, you are only talking about bills that have legal consequences already existing in the local government system made by the councilors as a bye law, then implementation simply means to effect, to carry out or enforcement.

1.         Initiation of bills: Bills are initiated by the executive (The executive chairman and Co), submitted same to the  legislature (the Hon, councilors), reason being that following the demand of the electorate or the led from the law makers, it is obviously that the areas covered by the legislators or lawmaking bodies might not suffice the immediate areas the people needed to be attended to. Hence, the welcoming idea of the executive generating a bill to the lawmakers, although it is solely a legislative work.
2.         BUDGETING: The executive prepares income and expenditure in every financial year as a budget to the lawmakers for considerations and signing same into law and this is a provision of the law, in the invent of disagreement between these bodies or arms the system will be stagnated.
3.         SIGNING OF BILLS: After a legislative processes of passing a bill or when the lawmakers finished passing a bill and the executive refused consent, it will cause a delay, but, after 30days, it will be repassed by 2/3 majority and it will become a law, section 585 (1999) constitution. 
4.         IMPLEMENTATION/OVERSIGHT FUNCTION: The executive arm through its agencies implement budget and polices of the government, but, to ensure proper implementation of the budget and other governments policies, the lawmakers in its over sight function, guarantees proper implementation  through the oversight section 5.81 & 121 (1999) constitution, and whole lot others.

Notwithstanding the uncompromising nature of doctrine of separation of powers, it is important to stress that no government can function if the separation of power is left water tight. Hence, the linter play between the legislature and the Executive in the functions of government duties.
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