The establishment and running of schools/colleges of health technology in Nigeria is supported by the National Health Policy. The philosophy of the national policy on Health is to provide a holistic and efficient health care system throughout the country using the primary health care approach. This system entails delivering health care services by health professionals to the door steps of consumers no matter their areas of residence.

To achieve this objective it became imperative that skilled health manpower to run the PHC programme shall be provided and thus the schools/ colleges of health technology were commissioned to carryout the responsibility. Certain standards and guidelines were therefore set out to guide the establishment and running of these institutions be it public or private. It is expected that those wishing to own such an institution shall comply strictly with these standards in order to be recognized.     

1.                                   PROPOSED SITE
i.          Drainage
The site should have a natural drainage system and should not be located in a swampy, or water logged areas or areas prone to coastal or gully erosion, areas infested with vectors and vermines or areas with any other adverse health conditions.
ii.         Accessibility
The site shall be accessible by road to all visitors, staff and students at any season of the year and at any time at affordable cost.
iii.       Ownership
It is important for intending owners to show verifiable evidences of the ownership/acquisition of the property to avoid establishing such an institution in a disputed land.
iv.        Peri-meter fencing
The land shall be perimeter fenced to avoid undue encroachment or trespasses. It shall also guarantee the safety of lives and properties in the institution.
v.         Expansion
The land shall have ample space for expansion when and where the need arises.
vi.        Proximity to social infrastructure
The schools are preferably located not in the urban towns but in a semi urban areas with relatively basic social amenities and to avoid undue academic distractions. The infrastructures include the following
-                     Electricity
-                     Potable water supply
-                     Communication facilities (post office, GSM network)
-                     Health Facility (Health Center, Hospital etc)
-                     Banking facilities
-                     Market (slaughter house)
-                     Police post

2.                               ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENT
i.          Authority
The prospecting owners shall show evidence of authority to operate such an establishment by the state government through the state ministry of Health.
ii.         Funding
Enquires are made on the source and adequacy of funding to avoid the school being grounded financially.
3.                                     STRUCTURES
i.        Administrative Block complex
This complex with modern facilities shall be tastefully furnished and shall house the offices of the following principal officers.
The Principal/Provost/Rector
-                     Deputy Provost/Rector/Vice principal
-                     Heads of academic departments
-                     Deputy heads of departments
-                     Registrar
-                     PRO
This block shall also have an in-built moderately furnished conference hall for the meetings of the management and other activities.
ii.       Academic staff complex
This complex shall serve as offices for the academic staff. The staff are not expected to be more than two (2) in each furnished room with in-built sanitary convenience. The complex shall have a fairly furnished conference hall as an annex for the meetings and other activities of the staff.
iii.      Non-Academic Staff Complex
            This complex shall house the offices of the non academic heads of departments with modern facilities and shall be moderately furnished:
-                     Head of Administration and staff
-                     Head of finance  and staff
-                     Head of Works and security
-                     General office etc.
            And there shall be an in-built conference room for their meetings and other activities.

4:                                        LECTURE HALLS
The numbers of fully equipped lecture halls to be provided are determined by the following factors
a.         Number of proposed courses to be offered.
b.         The duration of such courses for example
i.          Environment Health Technology is a four (4) year training programme and thus requires four (4) fully equipped lecture halls with a maximum capacity for one hundred (100) students each.
ii.         Environment Health Technicians.
b.                  Health Information Management Technicians
c.                  Community Health Extension Workers (SCHEW)
d.                  Pharmacy Technicians
e.                  Medical laboratory Technicians
These are three (3) year programmes and shall therefore have three (3) standard lecture halls with the seating capacity for one hundred (100) students each for (a,b,c) above and fifty (50) for (D, and E) above respectively. The capacities are predicated on the number of in-takes approved by the regulatory boards for every academic sessions.

5.                                            AUDITORIUM
            There shall be a well equipped and furnished auditorium which may have the capacity for between 300-500 students. This auditorium shall serve dual roles both as venue for National/International Examination and for large meetings of the academic community.

6.                         MODERN LIBRARY COMPLEX (E-LIBRARY)
            The School shall have an efficient and modern functional library preferably of E-library standard with modern ICT facilities and with a seating capacity for up to two hundred students (200). The library shall have modern text books and relevant academic text materials both for teachers and students including those materials published by various professionals in the established departments of the school.

7.                                   COMPUTER TRAINING HALL
            This complex is important in accrediting all programmes in the school. It shall be equipped with modern computers and other ICT materials/facilities. The capacity of the hall shall be for at least fifty (50) students with a computer ratio of at-least two (2) students per computer.

8.                         HOSTEL ACCOMMODATION COMPLEX
            There shall be a well furnished modern hostel complex with capacity for at-least one hundred students (100) at the ratio of at-least two students per room. Each of the hostels shall have all necessary modern facilities in addition to a well furnished common-room. The common room shall serve as a relaxation room for the students and also for the receiving of visitors.

9.                                   STAFF QUARTERS
            As one of the basic requirements by the various boards as way of increasing productivity in the school, the management is expected to provide decent and modern quarters for its staff. The estate shall have all relevant facilities, access road, water supply, electricity etc.

10                                    CANTEEN
            There shall be a modern and well equipped canteen that will take care of both the staff and students.

11.                           LABORATORY COMPLEX
            Most of the courses offered in this establishment are science based and therefore requires laboratories for practical experiences. Therefore, there shall be a fully equipped and furnished laboratory to cover the following courses and departments:
a.         General or Basic laboratory Science (Physics, Chemistry and biology)
b.         Environment Health Laboratory
c.         Medical laboratory science
d.         Pharmacy technician’s laboratory
Each of the blocks shall have an in-built office for those in-charges. There are approved standard equipments for each of the laboratories laid down by the various boards.

            The complex is very important for the accreditation of almost all courses in the school especially community health extension workers. It serves as a training facility. It also serves the public ( host community) as a centre that cater for the needs of pregnant mothers, infants, children and Ante-natal services etc. As a complex it houses the following
-                     Doctors consulting rooms
-                     Nurses station
-                     Waiting rooms for patients
-                     Resting rooms with beds
-                     Sterilization room
-                     Treatment room
-                     Drug stores
-                     Card room etc
-                     General stores
-                     Sizeable hall for mothers health talks etc
The material/equipment for the MCH are usually prescribed by the boards.

13.                        MODEL DEMONSTRATION HALL
            This is a block annexed to the MCH and is important for the training of CHEW students. This hall is fully equipped with several models, teaching aids and materials vital for the practical training of CHEWS. These equipments are generally prescribed by the community Health Board for its furnishing. The hall shall have a minimum capacity for fifty (50) students at a time for an academic interaction.

14.                        PUBLIC HEALTH MUSEUM
            This complex house several teaching models and equipment needed for the teaching of EHOs: sanitary engineering, sewage and waste management, pest/ vector control, pollution etc as required by the board (WAHEB).

15.                                  GENERAL WORKSHOP
            This complex shall serve as a centre charged with the repair and maintenance of facilities in the entire school, engineering, plumbing works, repair of broken down furniture and vehicles, electrical works etc. They could also construct and sale to the public their products.

16.                                 MANPOWER NEEDS
            The management of the school shall ensure that they employ highly trained professionals into the various departments as lecturers. This is very important since the various boards would want their professional colleagues to head and teach their students. However, guest lecturers who may not be professionals can be engaged for the non-professional subjects etc. as part-time.

17.                                 TRANSPORT FACILITIES
            The school shall provide vehicles for the day-to-day running of the school for under-listed officers.
-                     The principal/provost/rector
-                     Deputy provost/rector/principal
-                     Principal officers
-                     Two (2) coaster buses for the student’s excursions and training practical.

-           Standard football pitch
-           Volley ball pitch
-           Lawn tennis court
-           Basket ball pitch
-           Table tennis board
-           Ludo games and other in door games facilities etc.

There is great need to interact regularly from time to time to enable us keep abreast of developments and guideline implementation. 

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