1.1       Background to the Study
            In the traditional Nigeria society, there exists the degenerate believe that women are second class citizens (Enejere,1991). Woman is considered as a man’s property or pleasure object. She is also considered as a “Machine” meant for producing children. This situation has resulted in unfair treatment of women especially with regards to education. The average rural Nigeria parent would rather invest in the education of son rather than the daughter (Ada,1992). Enejere, (1991) further avers that gender inequality in Nigeria is promoted by religious and communal customs. Young girls particularly in Northern Nigeria are denied the benefit of education. This has grave consequences for both the individuals and the society at large.

            Education is the process through which individuals are made functional members of the society (Ocho,2005). According to a Agbo, (2012) in a radio programme “mum and mum to be”  education means to be domestic, growth, and contribution. Offorma, (2009) said that education is a process through which the young acquires knowledge and realizes her potentialities and uses them for self-actualization.
            Education has been described as the most important aspect of human development, a key to a successful living, especially girl child education (Michael,2011). Denying the girl-child access to education implies making her a dysfunctional member of the society. Statistics show that many girls are not enrolled in school. The global figure for our school children is estimated at 121 million, 65 million are girls living in sub-Saharan Africa including Nigeria UNICEF,(2007), Action  Aid International (AAIN) cited by Kiki (2010) reported that, not until recently, in a school of 150 students in Northern Nigeria, only 2-3 students are girls. This trend has minimally improved with the introduction of sharia judicial law system (Islamic Law) in most states in Northern Nigeria. The advert of the law necessitated the creation of separated schools for girls. Even at that, girls in this region do not have the rights to choose education. Kiki (2010) cited an example in Jega Local Government Area of Kebbi state in the Northern part of Nigeria where females were not allowed to go to school until recently when the local Government council chairman enacted a bye law, making female education  compulsory.
            In order to improve girls’ enrolment in schools, government and non government agencies have initiated various programmes. The federal ministry of Education and United nations children Education fund (UNICEF) have been leading the campaign for girl-child education in Nigeria with some measure of success.
       Unity FM, Abakaliki, also, contributes to enrolment of the girl-child with a programme title “mum and mum to be”. According to Oko(2012) she sited that a girl child should be educated because she equally have her right in the family and once the education is denied from her, she cannot afford to defend her family and challenges in her nation. Edeh (2012). “mum and mum to be” Commented that without a qualify training, the girl-child will endangered and it will affect the next generation because they are blind and nothing new will be known to them.
            Obugado (2012) in his commentary in Radio Nigeria Unity fm make it known that a girl-child needs education. He went further indicating that if a girl child is deprived of education the girl-child will then engaged in blockmoulding, hawking, and learning of trades, begging, truck pushing, working in farms with empty stomach.
            Education is a vital tool for empowerment that allows meaningful contributions to society. Girls’ education does not only bring the immediate benefit of empowering girls, but are seen as the best investment in a country’s development. Education helps girls to develop essential life skills including self confidence, the ability to participate effectively in society and protect themselves from HIV/AIDS and other sexual exploitations. UNICEF,(2007) further asserts that girls’ education also helps in cutting children and maternal mutability rates, contributing to National wealth and controlling diseases and health status. Agbo (2012) also said that without the parent giving their girl -child a sound education she will remain at the lower state. He used Mrs, Ukamaka, Egwu, wife of the former Governor of Ebonyi State for example in the sense that, if not that she was trained by her educated mother, she wouldn’t have been the a governor’s wife instead,  she would have got married to a palm wine taper.
 Oko, (2012) also commented that home training of a girl-child by her parent is the best education any family can give to their child. She sited an example of a young lady who got married and put to birth and she did not know how to handle the baby or feed the baby. She said that every woman must be educative in order to know her responsibility at any given time.
            This paper here, examines the various roles parent and radio programmes could play in eradicating or reducing discriminations against the girl child and ultimately improve girl -child education in Nigeria.
1.2       Statement of the Problem
            In most part of the country today, Onicha Local Government Area of Ebonyi State in particular, women are educationally backward in comparism with their male counterpart. This ugly situation has defiled all government effort since independence to see to the improvement of women’s education.
            In spite of all the various effort towards improving the literacy level among women in Onicha LGA the result obtain form recent research and survey shows that much has not been achieved. One outstanding reason that accounts for low women participation in education in Onicha LGA, results from phobia being developed by Onicha LGA people towards women’s education. such can be seen in these ways-parents preference for females house help, early marriage and attendant withdrawal of teenage brides form school.
            From studies conducted on issues relating to women’s education, it is obvious that the much-expected economic, social and political emancipation of the nation cannot be achieved without improved women literacy. This research is calmed out to identify the problem and possible ways of creating improved woman literacy level in onicha LGA and Ebonyi State.
            Various cultures see formal education of women as unwarranted exposure and therefore antithetical to upholding their cultural values which is apprehensive of creating opportunities for women to rub shoulders with men. The question now is how do parents who are products of these cultures, religions and environments perceive the education of their Girl child? In view of the various campaigns encouraging giving both boys and girls equal educational opportunity do parents still have the tendency to discriminate against their girl children?
            To what extend does poor financial status makes the parents to pay priority attention to their male children over their female counterparts in terms of sponsoring them to obtain formal education: What of the unduly held belief that family sizes determines the extent women who hail form such families will obtain formal or western in education in line with the tendency that the male children would be considered first.
1.3       Objectives of the Study
            In reference to the stated problems, it aims and objectives of this research are;
1.         To know the attitude of radio and parents towards the education of the girl-child

2.         To know if radio programmes enlighten girls and women on the need to improve their education.
3.         To find out if some programmes some radio stations offer have any effect on the girl child.
4.         To discover if the financial background of parents affect girl-child education.
5.         To know if radio programmes influence the attitude of girl child towards education.
1.4       Significance of the Study
            The study will be significant when completed in the following areas:
            Through the use of radio, the finding of the study will prove information that will serves as a guide on how to eliminate problems hindering girls participation in adult literacy programme.
          This research work is significant from the point of view of the fact that its findings would definitely be useful in support of the continuous campaign for parents to change their over-all attitude towards the discrimination against the education of the girl child.
            Over all, the research work serve as a reference material for other researcher who will like to carryout their research on related fields.
1.5       Research Questions
1.         How does radio programmes enlighten girls and women on the need to improve their education.
2.         How does the programme aired in some radio stations  affect the girl child?
3.         Does the financial background of parents affect girl-child education?
4.         Does radio programmes influence the attitude of girl-child towards education.
1.6       Research Hypothesis
H1        Radio programmes enlighten girls and women on the need to improve their education.
H0        Radio programmes do not enlighten girl and women in the need to improve their education.
H2        Some programmes offered by some radio stations have effect on the girl-child.
H0     some programmes offered by some radio station does not have any effect on the girl child
H3        The financial background of parent, affect girl-child education.
H0        The financial background of parent, does not affect girl-child education.
H4          Radio programmes influence the attitude of the girl-child towards education.
H0          Radio programmes do not influence the attitude of the girl-child towards education.
1.7       Conceptual Definition
             Radio-The transmission and reception of electromagnetic waves of radio frequency especially those carrying out sound messages.
Parent – (from Latin: Parents = parent) is a caretaker of the offspring in
their own species.
            According to the oxford dictionary a parent is a person’s father or mother. But they must have two biological parent. Biological parents consists of the male who sired the child and the female who gave birth to the child.
Girl     -- A girl is any female human from birth though childhood, adolescence to attainment of adulthood.
Education---- In its broadest, general sense. Is the means through which the aims and habits of a group of people lives in from one generation to the next. It is also the formal process by which society deliberately transmits its accumulated.
            According to Dewey (1916) Education is life it involves the transmission of rues knowledge and skills required for living (Life skill).
            According to the oxford advanced dictionary defines education as systematic training and instruction (especially the young in the schools).
            Girls’ education can be seen as various ways of transferring communicating of these rules, knowledge and skill acquired for effective living in the society to girls.
            This study the term “girls education” is applied in its. Communicative sense in learning. Messages are transferred from one person to another. There is the question to who transfers knowledge to the other, the educator’s transfers to the girl
Operational Definition
Radio:- Cognitive radio (CR) devices can sense, detect, and monitor the surrounding radio frequency (RF) conditions including interference, assess frequency availability and reconfigure their own operating characteristics to best match those condition.
Parents:- They take care of their children and provide their needs.
Girl:- she is the machine meant for producing children.
Education:- A process of training and instruction especially of children and young people in schools, colleges etc. which is designed to give knowledge and develop skills.            
1.8       Scope of the study:
            Scope of the study: the study will only be limited to Onicha local government Area in Ebonyi State. The blue print on girl-child education will serve as a reference frame work that has to do with the targeted population.
            Specifically there should be randomly selected female student institutions and radio programmes that is also needful in Onicha local Government like “every woman” “mum and mum’s to be” which as well “Comprises illiterate girls as well as girls’ adult education programme will be incorporate in the study other individuals who are indirectly involved in girls’ educational programmes for rural girls’ and model educational centers.
1.9       Limitations of the Study
            Certain constraints definitely affect the standard of this research work Firstly, was absence of standard library and means of getting information materials on the topic.
            There is also the problem of limited time frame. A research of this nature in view of the research questions presented above requires a reasonable time, to enable the researcher carryout exhaustive work.
            Finance of course is an obvious constraint, collection of the necessary data and reading out forthright respondents, as well as sourcing the required materials will required materials will require some money vis-à-vis my very limited funds.
            Lastly, exigencies of duty that is my official assignment as teacher will make it somehow difficult to pay full or adequate attention to this research work. All these envisaged constraints and limitations are no doubts source of worry to the researcher. 
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