5.1       Discussion of the findings
Gender bias promotes early marriage. Gender refers to the sum of cultural values, attitudes, roles, practice and characteristics based on sex. Gender also reflects and perpetuates power relation between men and women. Gender is the state of being male or female but it is more than that. It refers to the social interpretation of one’s biological sex. It is the cultural response to the biologically determined state. It is the social interpretation of what it means to be female or male. Gender is the condition of being masculine or feminine through one’s behaviour. One is born and labeled male or female biologically but one learns how to be masculine or feminine. (Action Health incorporated 2003).

Stanrock (2003) refers gender to the social and psychological dimension of being male or female. He noted that gender role to be a set of expectation that prescribes how female or male should think, act and feel.
Gender role expectation affects their behaviours in relationship, leisure activities and careers. Gender role regarded women as the “weaker” sex. Even in their educational career they are some course of study which women are not expected to make career in. Gender role kills initiative, perpetuate stigma, encourage unnecessary rivalry, kills talents and discourage creativity. There is need for us to promote equality because it is a fundamental human right law. Both men and women have right which include: freedom of association, freedom of choice or opinion, freedom of movement, freedom of expression etc (Action Health incorporated 2003).
  Marriage takes place for economic, culture, religious, social and emotional reason. In many countries, especially among poor, migrants or displaced communities, marriage at a young age is common. Usually it is girls who marry early (though it can happen to boys as well). The gender inequality present in all aspects of society, including education, leads to girls often lacking life skills and negotiating power. Therefore, while most boys have a say in when and who they marry and what they do once they are married many girls do not get chance to make these decisions.
When girls drop out of school to get married, there is a knock-on effect for the community as a whole, and to future generations, girls who marry young, inevitably have children early, and have many children, because their knowledge of contraception is poor and their power to negotiate its use is weak. Evidence suggests that children of young uneducated mothers are less likely to have a good start to their education, do well in class or continue beyond the minimum schooling. Their daughters especially are likely to drop out, marry young and begin the cycle again. Early marriage can therefore be a significant barrier for communities seeking to raise education level and break the cycle of poverty (Lewis 2008).
Enlightment campaign through media: Mass media means of communication with the general public e.g. Radio, television, movies, gong, drum, town criers, telephone, telegram, fax, magazines and newspapers. Media is a good source of messages to individuals. In other hand seminar, conference and workshop, when well organized and appropriate resource person used will go along way to enlighten the rural populace on the danger and harmful effect of early marriage to the individual and community in general.
Although early marriage is a matter of great concern, there is far too little concrete information on its prevalence or its impacts. Consequently, the first requirement in addressing early marriage must be more research and more understanding. More effective advocacy and programming will follow. One important strategy must be to improve data collection. Action must be informed by knowledge, and for this reason, an essential first step is to ensure the existing data collection programmes – be they run by national governments, international organization, or NGOs are sensitized to the issue of early marriage. They should be encouraged to provide full information on the marital status of children and young people, disaggregated by age and gender. Comprehensive data such as these are essential for making significant progress in understanding the risk associated with the dynamics of early marriages (Innocent Digest 2001).

5.2       Implication of the study
            The findings of the study will be useful to the community because it will be an eye opener to understand the danger of embarking on early marriage.
            When parent train their girls in education, poverty can be easily fight through education than through early marriage. The study will help to bridge the gap between the female and their male counterpart. The government in general will benefit because when gender barriers is broken workforce will increase and the case of poverty will become a forgotten issue.
5.3       Recommendations
            The following recommendations were made based on the findings of the study;
i.          Campaign against early marriage should be incorporated in the curriculum by the educational planners.
ii.         Health workers should carry out a sensitization campaign through seminar, workshop and conferences to enlighten illiterate parent in the rural area the danger of early marriage to health, social and economic development of an individual.
iii.       Government and non-governmental organization should intensify their effort to see that conflict and violence is reduced. Since the study noted that conflict and violence encourages early marriage to enable individuals seek for protection.
5.4       Limitation of the study
Time limit of this study is the major limitation because if enough is given experimental design can be used for this type of study.
            Some of the respondents were not willing to fill the questionnaire, while some fill it anything they feel like, thereby making it difficult to get authentic information from such respondents.
5.5       Suggestion for further studies
            The following areas are recommended for further investigation/research.
-           Further research should be carried out using another area/community.
-           Early marriage and school environment its effects on individuals performance.
-           Early marriage and education.
5.6       Summary
            The research study was on investigation of the influence of early marriage on girls education achievement in Ikwo Local Government Area.
            A total of 400 respondent were selected as the sample size for the study by using Yaro Yamen Formula. Data was collected from the sampled respondent using structured questionnaire. The data collected was analyzed using statistic mean and frequency. The result of the study shows that early marriage is caused by illiteracy, poverty, culture and religious practices. It was also reviewed that early marriage endangers the life of mother and the child.
5.7       Conclusion
            Early marriage of girls and boys impairs the realization and enjoyment of virtually everyone of their right. The imposition of a marriage partner on children or adolescents who are in no way ready for marriage life and whose marriage will deprive them of freedom, opportunity for personal development and other opportunity for personal development and other rights including health and well-being, education and participation in civic life. Unless measures are taken to address early marriage, it will continue to be a major stumbling block to the achievement of human rights.

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UNICEF (2001) Early Marriage: Child Spouses, Innocenti Research Centre Vol. 7 Florence, Italy.
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