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HISTORY OF WAEC - WEST AFRICAN EXAMINATION COUNCIL

CORPORATE PROFILE

The West African Examinations Council is West Africa's foremost examining board established by law to determine the examinations required in the public interest in the English-speaking West African countries, to conduct the examinations and to award certificate comparable to those of equivalent examining authorities internationally.


By this mandate, the Council is expected to:

  1. assist in the development of sound education
  2. ensure that educational standards are maintain; and
  3. give the people of West Africa a vision of the great potentials which lie beyond examinations.

VISION

"To be a world class examining body, adding value to the education goals of its numerous stakeholders".

MISSION

West Africa 's foremost examining body, developing and maintaining internationally-accepted procedures in examinations, providing qualitative and reliable educational assessment, encouraging academic and moral excellence among the youths, and promoting sustainable human resource development, mutual understanding and international co-operation.


A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE WAEC COUNCIL

INTRODUCTION

In 1948, the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate and the University of London School Examinations Matriculation Council discussed with the West African Departments of Education the future policy of school examinations as would be best suited to the needs of West Africa. Following this discussion, the late Dr. G. B. Jeffery, F. R. S., Director of the University of London's Institute of Education, was invited in October 1949 by the British Secretary of State for the Colonies to visit West Africa to study and advise on a "proposal that there should be instituted a WEST AFRICAN SCHOOL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL"

After a three-month visit to West Africa, touring The Gambia, Sierra Leone, Ghana (then called The Gold Coast) and Nigeria from December 1949 to March 1950, Dr. Jeffrey submitted a report (since then known as the Jeffery Report) strongly supporting the proposal for a WEST AFRICAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL and making detailed recommendations on the composition and duties of the Council. The report, published in March 1950, was adopted without reservation by four West African Governments and an ordinance establishing the West African Examinations Council as a corporate body was drafted by the West African Inter-Territorial Secretariat in consultation with the Governments. The ordinance was first passed by the Legislative Assembly of the Gold Coast in December 1951 as The West African Examinations Council Ordinance No. 40 of 1951 and was later made effective by similar enactments by the Governments of Nigeria, Sierra Leone and The Gambia.

The Ordinances charged the Council with determining the examinations required in the public interest in West Africa and empowered it to conduct such examinations and to award certificates, provided that the certificates did not represent a lower standard of attainment then equivalent certificates of examining authorities in the United Kingdom.

A temporary office with a small staff headed by the late Mr. Kenneth Humphreys, the first Registrar to the Council, was set up at the offices of the West African Inter-Territorial Secretariat in Accra. Early in 1953, the Accra Office moved to a building near the former Department of Education on Rowe Road which the Gold Coast Government made available and a site for more permanent offices was secured at Achimota. Later in the year, the new office buildings at Achimota were occupied.

In Lagos, in the same year, the Government of Nigeria also made available a large block of offices at the Technical Institute, Yaba, which became the seat of the Deputy Registrar. In Sierra Leone and The Gambia, the Council, in the meantime, worked through the Departments of Education.

An office was opened in Freetown in 1958, the year in which the Council's London Office was also opened. The national office of the Council in The Gambia was opened in Banjul (then Bathurst) in January 1973.

The first meeting of the Council took place in Accra from the 24 th to 27 th March, 1953, It was attended by three nominees of the Secretary of State, namely the Chairman of Council, Mr. A. N. Glasworthy; the Chief Secretary of the West African Inter-Territorial Secretariat, Dr. G. B. Jeffery (representing the University of London); and the Secretary of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate Mr. J. L. Brereton (representing the University of Cambridge). There were in addition, 13 members nominated by the Governments of The Gambia, Sierra Leone, Ghana and Nigeria, and ten (10) observers. The Council received from the Registrar a brief report of work done since his arrival and proceeded to establish five committees, namely, the Administrative and Finance Committee (initially called the Executive Committee), the School Examinations Committee, the Public Service Examinations Committee, the Professional, Technical and Commercial Examinations Committee; and the Local Committees (replaced in 1956 by National Committees).

Since then, the names of the committees have changed and new ones have been created. The Committees now include the Administrative and Finance Committee, the Appointments Committee, and the Examinations Committee at both the international and national levels. In each country, there is a National Committee to which all Local Committees report.

Liberia became the fifth member country when she was admitted into full membership of the Council at the 22 nd Annual Meeting held in Lagos in March 1974. Two year later, in April 1976, an office of the Council was established in Liberia and in January 1977 the Council moved into its permanent office in Monrovia.

In March 1982, a new legal framework for the operations of the Council was adopted. After over five years of preparatory work, the Convention establishing The West African Examinations Council was signed at an impressive ceremony coinciding with the Council's 30 th Anniversary celebrations and the Annual Council Meeting in Monrovia. The Convention, subsequently ratified by the member countries, came into force on August 24, 1984, with the depositing of the instruments of ratification of all member countries with the Government of Ghana. The Convention provides uniform legal backing to the operations of the Council in all the member countries and gives the Council legal personality as an international body. To take care of recent developments in the member countries, a process to revise the Convention was initiated at the turn of the century, and the Revised Convention was signed in June 2003.

In March 2002, the Council celebrated its 50 th Anniversary in Abuja, Nigeria, with the theme, "WAEC: 50 Years of Excellence". The highlight of the celebrations was the launching of the book on the history of the Council: "The West African Examinations Council (1952-2002): Half a Century of Commitment to Excellence and Regional Cooperation". 


LIBERIA COUNCIL'S EXAMINATIONS

The Council conducts examinations under the following broad headings: National Examinations, International Examinations, and Examinations administered on behalf of other Examining Boards. The National Examinations are restricted to the specific member countries for which they are developed and they reflect their local policies, needs and aspirations. The National Examinations include the Basic Certificate Examination for The Gambia, the Primary/Junior and Senior High School Certificate Examinations for Liberia, the National Primary School and Basic Education Certificate Examinations for Sierra Leone, and the Basic Education Certificate Examination for Ghana. The International Examinations, on the hand, are available to candidates in all the member countries. Currently, the Council's international examination is the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE), which replaced the SC/GCE Ordinary and GCE Advanced Level examinations. Detailed timetables are usually available at least six months before the commencement of the examinations. Traditionally, entry schedules are sent without application to all schools on the Council's list while individual entry forms are used for the private candidates' examinations. However, the traditional use of entry schedules/forms is being replaced by electronic registration of candidates.

The WASSCE was introduced as part of the educational reform programmes of member countries. The maiden edition was conducted in The Gambia in 1998 while Nigerian, Sierra Leonean and Ghanaian candidates took the examination for the first time in 1999, 2000 and 2006 respectively. The WASSCE is administered twice in a year, May/June and November/December. Liberia is currently preparing to adopt the WASSCE.

One unique feature of the WASSCE is it combines school-based continuous assessment scores with the Council's own terminal assessment scores on a ratio of 30:70. The WASSCE, among other things enables candidates to qualify for admission into university and other tertiary institutions.

In its endeavour to improve the process of conducting examinations in the member countries, the Council continues to use technology to its advantage. The WAECDIRECT RESULT HOSTING AND WEBSITE FACILITY was successfully implemented in 2003 and 2004 in Nigeria and Ghana respectively. This makes it possible for the results of the WASSCE for the two countries and also BECE for Ghana to be viewed on the following websites: www.waecdirect.org for Nigeria and www.waecdirectghana.org for Ghana . The Gambia, Liberia and Sierra Leone are expected to have the facility soon.

In 2005, the Council again advanced its use of technology with the development and introduction of ON-LINE REGISTRATION in some of its examinations. This system enables schools to register their candidates themselves from their various locations through the Internet. Private candidates can also register online. With this facility, schools and candidates can verify their names and also obtain their examination numbers immediately after registration. Access in Nigeria and Ghana is through www.waeconline.org.ng and www.waeconline.org.ghana respectively. It is also being planned to make the facility available to candidates in The Gambia, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

WAEC GHANA Council's Examinations

  1. The Council conducts examinations under the following broad headings:
  2. National Examinations;
  3. International Examinations; and
  4. Examinations administered on behalf of other examining bodies.

The National Examinations are restricted to the specific member countries for which they are developed and reflect their local policies, needs and aspirations, while the International Examinations are available to candidates in all the member countries. 

The National Examinations include the Gambia Basic Certificate Examination, the Junior and Senior High School Certificate Examinations for Liberia, the National Primary School and Basic Education Certificate Examinations for Sierra Leone, and the Basic Education Certificate and Senior Secondary School Certificate Examinations for Ghana.

The International Examinations are available to candidates in all member countries. The Council’s international examination is the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE), which replaced the General Certificate of Education (Ordinary/Advanced level) examinations.

The WASSCE has been introduced as part of the educational reform programmes in member countries. The maiden edition was conducted in The Gambia in 1998. Nigerian candidates took the examination for the first time in 1999, Sierra Leonean candidates took it in 2000 and Ghanaian candidates in 2006. Liberia is also planning to adopt the WASSCE in 2011. The WASSCE is administered twice a year, in May/June and in November/December. One unique feature of the WASSCE is that it combines school-based continuous assessment scores with the Council’s assessment on a certain ratio. The WASSCE, among other things, enables candidates to qualify for admission into universities and other tertiary institutions.

In its endeavour to improve the process of conducting examinations in the member countries, the Council continues to use technology to its advantage. It successfully implemented in 2003/2004 the use of the WAECDIRECT RESULT HOSTING AND WEBSITE FACILITY, which makes it possible for the results of the WASSCE to be viewed on the Council’s websites.

In 2005 the Council advanced its use of technology with the development and introduction of Online Registration in some of its examinations. This system enables schools to register their candidates from their various locations through the Internet. Private candidates can also register online. With this facility, schools and candidates can verify their enrolment details and obtain their examination numbers immediately after registration.



THE WEST AFRICAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR DEALING WITH CASES OF IRREGULARITY IN THE COUNCIL’S EXAMINATIONS
(EFFECTIVE: 2016 ONWARDS)

1. BRINGING FOREIGN MATERIAL INTO EXAMINATION HALL

  1. Where a candidate is found in the examination hall with notes, textbooks, prepared material or any other printed material, the candidate’s entire results in the examination shall be withheld pending cancellation of the result of the subject involved by the appropriate Committee of Council.
  2. Where a candidate is found in the examination hall with a blank piece of paper or any other material not covered under 1(1) above, (except mobile phone or any other electronic communication device) the entire results of the candidate shall be withheld pending cancellation of the results of the subject involved by the appropriate Committee of Council.
  3. Where a candidate is found with a programmable calculator in the examination hall, the entire results of the candidate shall be withheld pending cancellation of the result of the subject involved.
  4. Where a candidate is found with a mobile phone or any other electronic communication device in the examination hall, the entire results of the candidate shall be withheld pending the cancellation of his/her entire results by the appropriate Committee of Council.

2. IRREGULAR ACTIVITIES INSIDE OR OUTSIDE THE EXAMINATION HALL

  1. Where a candidate is apprehended for offence(s) such as those listed below, inside or outside the examination hall, the candidate’s entire results in the examination shall be withheld pending cancellation of his/her entire results by the appropriate Committee of Council.
  2. Stealing, converting or misappropriating the script(s) of other candidate(s);
  3. Substituting worked scripts during or after the examination;
  4. Seeking or receiving help from non-candidate(s) such as invigilator(s), supervisor(s), teacher(s) or other personalities during the examination.
  5. Where the person giving the help is not a candidate for the examination in session, but a prospective candidate, he/she shall be barred from taking any examination conducted by the Council for one year and will also be reported to the appropriate authority for disciplinary action to be taken against him/her. In addition to the above action, the candidate’s entire results shall be withheld pending cancellation by the appropriate Committee of Council.
  6. Where a candidate is apprehended for offence(s) such as those listed below inside or outside the examination hall, the candidate’s entire results shall be withheld pending cancellation of the result of the subject involved by the appropriate Committee of Council.
  • (a) Tearing part of the question paper or answer booklet during the examination;
  • (b) Refusing to submit script to the supervisor after the examination;
  • (c) Starting to write an examination before commencement of work is officially announced OR continuing to write after official orders have been given for candidates to stop work;
  • Other irregular activities within the immediate precincts of the examination hall before, during or after the examination.


3. COLLUSION

  1. Where a candidate is caught during the examination passing notes for help from other candidate(s), receiving or giving assistance, talking with or colluding in any manner with another candidate(s), the entire results of the candidate(s) involved shall be withheld pending the cancellation of his/her/their result(s’) for the subject involved by the appropriate Committee of Council.
  2. Where cases of cheating are detected in script(s) and/or otherwise established in one paper, the results of the subject for the candidate(s) involved shall be cancelled.
  3. Where a candidate is proved to have cheated in more than one paper/subject, his/her results in those subjects shall be cancelled.

4. IMPERSONATION

Where a person is caught impersonating a candidate, he/she shall be handed over to the police for prosecution. The entire results of the person being impersonated and those of the impersonator, if he/she is also a candidate for any WAEC examination, shall be withheld pending cancellation by the appropriate Committee of Council.
Both the impersonator and the impersonated shall also be barred from taking any examination conducted by the Council for a period of not less than two years.
The Council also reserves the right to publish the names of persons so barred.

5. LEAKAGE

  1. Where case of leakage is established at a centre, the entire results of the candidates offering the subject(s) involved at the centre shall be withheld.
  2. Candidates proved to have been involved in the leakage shall have their entire results cancelled by the appropriate Committee of Council.
  3. Where it is established that the school authorities condoned, connived at, and/or encouraged the leakage, the entire results of the candidates at the centre shall be withheld pending cancellation of the entire results by the appropriate Committee of Council. In addition, the school shall be de-recognised in accordance with Rule 6 below.

6. MASS CHEATING

  1. Where more than half of the candidates for a subject at a centre are involved in collusion or other forms of examination malpractice, this shall be regarded as mass cheating.
  2. Where mass cheating in a subject at a centre is established, the entire results of the candidates at the centre shall be withheld pending cancellation of the results of the subject for those confirmed to have cheated.
  3. Where mass cheating has been established the following shall also apply:
  4. In cases of schools, a report shall be made to the Ministry of Education or the appropriate Board for disciplinary action to be taken against the person(s) responsible and the school shall be de-recognised for a period not less than one year.
  5. In the case of pubic centres, the Council shall take appropriate action.
  6. A school shall be de-recognised for a stated period if mass cheating is established in more than one paper/subject. The appropriate Committee of Council is satisfied that the school cannot ensure the satisfactory conduct of the Council’s examination.
  7. De-recognition implies that the school authority can no longer organise or manage the school as a school centre, although the Council or its agent may use the physical facilities of the school for the purpose of the examination. The school may be allowed to present its students as school candidates, but the conduct of the whole examination (Practical and Theory) shall be the responsibility of Council.
  8. The school concerned shall pay the prescribed extra fees for the supervision and invigilation of the examination before the examination begins.
  9. Notwithstanding items 9(3)(a) and 9(4) above, recognition may be restored upon a written assurance from the administering authority of the school that the necessary requirement has been satisfied. Such assurance shall contain details of measures being taken to ensure the satisfactory conduct of the examination, and those which shall be put in place subject to acceptance by the Council. Recognition, however, will only be restored after at least one year of de-recognition.


7. INSULT/ASSAULT ON SUPERVISORS/INVIGILATORS/INSPECTORS

  1. Where a candidate insults or assaults a supervisor/invigilator in the lawful performance of his/her duties inside or outside the examination hall, or in any other way disturbs the conduct of the examination, the entire results of the candidate shall be withheld pending cancellation of the entire results by the appropriate Committee of Council. The candidate shall also be barred from taking any examination conducted by the Council for a period not less than two years. In addition, he/she may be handed over to the police for prosecution.
  2. Where a candidate brings into the examination hall or uses anything including chemical substance with intent to cause injury, temporary or permanent incapacity to any authorised person in the examination hall including other candidates, the results of the candidate shall be withheld pending the cancellation of the entire results by the appropriate Committee of Council. In addition, the candidate shall be barred for a period of not less than two years from taking any examination conducted by the Council.
  3. Contravention of Rule 7(1) and 7(2) shall not preclude legal action being taken against the candidate by the Council or the individual(s) concerned.


8. CONTRAVENTION OF INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

  1. Where a candidate, in contravention of the instructions to candidates, writes with pencil instead of ink or shades with ink instead of pencil, his/her entire results shall be withheld pending cancellation of his/her result for the subject concerned by the appropriate Committee of Council.
  2. Where a candidate fails to complete the cover page of his/her answer booklet as specified in the instructions, his/her entire results shall be withheld pending cancellation of his/her result for the subject concerned by the appropriate Committee of Council.


9. MULTIPLE REGISTRATION

Where a candidate is involved in multiple registration for the same diet of examination,
his/her entire results shall be withheld pending cancellation of his/her entire results by the
appropriate Committee of the Council.

10. NEW CASES

As new cases arise, which are not covered by the above rules, the appropriate Committee of
Council shall take necessary action.

11. REVIEW

These rules shall be subject to review as and when necessary.
Headquarters, Accra
February 2016

BULK SALE OF ONLINE REGISTRATION AND RESULTS CHECKER CARDS


This is to inform cyber cafes and businesss owners that the Liberia National Office of the West African Examinations Council WAEC) has on sale the Online Registration and Results Checker cards. They can be purchased at the WAEC National Office in Abuja and Lagos in Nigeria, Congo Town in Liberia, Accra in Ghana, Marinda parade in Gambia and Sierra Leone, and same can be sold to WAEC candidates.

PRICE PER CARD IN GAMBIA

1) 1-5 SUBJECT CARD (LD 1,800.00). This card allows candidates to register for 1 to 5 subjects during the NORMAL REGISTRATION period. The card can also be used to access their results.

2) 6-9 SUBJECT CARD (LD 2,200.00). This card allows candidates to register for 6 to 9 subjects during the NORMAL REGISTRATION period. The card can also be used to access their results.

3) LATE REGISTRATION CARD (LD 1,000.00). This card is used in addition to either a 1-5 Subject Card or a 6-9 Subject Card to allow candidates register during the LATE REGISTRATION period. When used with a 1-5 Subject Card, the candidate is allowed to register for 1 to 5 subjects; and when used with a 6-9 Subject Card, the candidate is allowed to register for 6 to 9 subjects. The card can also be used to access their results.

4) ONLINE RESULTS CHECKER CARD (LD 200.00). This card is use to check online available results for candidates who have sat either the PRIVATE or REGULAR Examinations.

For further inquiries, pleease contact: WAEC ONLY
RUSH NOW BECAUSE THE CARDS ARE IN SHORT SUPPLY.

Signed: The Management

Source: 
http://www.liberiawaec.org/history.html
http://www.waecheadquartersgh.org/
http://www.waecdirect.org
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