Background of the Study
Poor academic performance of secondary school students has been on the increase in both internal and external examination Okoye (1982) defines poor academic performance of the individual or candidate in a learning situation as one in which a candidate fail to attain a set standard of performance in a give evaluation exercise such as test, examination or series of continuous assessment. Usually this standard is based on a number of stipulated objective and other school activities. A candidate who scores less or below the standard is regarded as showing a poor academic performance in school.
Some people blame students themselves and others blame government while, others blame teachers. That is why Nwana (1986) stated that one may hear elderly parents, retired civil servants and persons say that school leavers of nowadays are not able to speak correct and fluent English, they cannot solve simple arithmetic problem and they do don’t know their basic tables.
In the researcher experiences in consideration of the situation of academic (performance among secondary school students in Izzi L.G.A of Ebonyi State and also in personal and social life, it has been observed that secondary school students marked scripts and exercises show that there is poor academic performance over the years. The factors that influence academic performance of students have attracted the interest and concern of teaches, counsellor, psychologists, researchers and school administrators in Nigeria. This is because of the public outcries concerning the low standard of education in the country (Imoge 2002).
Poor academic performance has been a general problem all over the country, and a lot of investigation has been carried out to know where the problem lies, but the problem still persists. This has been a bone of contention and that is why the researchers intend to investigate the causes of academic performance of students in izzi local Government Area of Ebonyi State of Nigeria as seen by school counselors.
Statement of the Problems
The poor performance of secondary school students in Izzi Local Government Area has been a great concern to a good number of educationists, teachers, counselors, psychologists, researchers as wall as the school administrators in Nigeria. That is the reason these researchers have taken it upon themselves to find out the counselors views on factors responsible for poor academic performance of secondary school students in Izzi Local Government Area. The poor performance of secondary school students has given the researcher a lot of concern and so has led to their embarking on this research, the problem therefore is identification of what school counselors think are the causes of poor academic performance of secondary school students.
Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is to find out :
1. The opinion of school counselors on the general performance of secondary school students.
2. The counselors views on factors responsible for pooor academic performance secondary school students.
3. to offer suggestion on how the problem can be solved.
Scope of the Study
The study was carried out in secondary schools in Izzi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, which are eleven (11) in number.
Significance of the Study
As far as government in anxious to employ all necessary measures within its reach to improve the falling standard in education, it is expected that this work will contribute in no small measure to uncover the secretes and the causes of poor academic performance among secondary school students in Izzi Local Government Area.
In addition, the work will make some invaluable suggestion which if applied will drastically reduced the cases of poor performance of students in Izzi Local Government Area by serving as a guide to teachers and help the students to perform very well in their examination
The following researcher questions have been formulated to guide the study
- What is the opinion of school counselllors about the general performance of secondary school students?
- What factors do counselors think are responsible for poor academic performance of secondary school students?
- What are the possible effects of poor academic performance of secondary school students?
- How can this situation be remedied”