The study area of Ekoli Edda, Ebonyi State is located at latitude (060, 4N) and Longitude (080, 65E) in South East of the high rainfall zone of Nigeria, the mean annual rainfall is about 1700mm-2000mm spread within March-December (Ekpe, 2008) the bedrock geology is shale residium. The soil is shallow with unconsolidated parent material within one meter (1M) of the soil surface classified as Dystric Leptisol (Anikwe et al, 1999).

The mean annual minimum and maximum air temperature are 270c and 310c respectively, with an average relative humidity range of 35-60% from the dry season to the rainy season respectively. The climatic Zone is high rainfall dominated by trees and shrubs.

            Water sample were colleted with a one litter plastic gallon form the stream at Achi Ogba, Olo-Ekoli, Iminika and IyiAnyaoji in Ekoli Edda, Ebonyi State Nigeria.
            The samples were collected in June, I collected the samples using grab method.
            The samples were processed and analyzed using standard analytical methods.
i.          Total Nitrogen (N2) was determined using the macro KJedahi method described by Bremner (1965).
ii.         Available phosphorus was determined using the bray 2 method as described by page et al., (1982).
iii.       Exchangeable aluminum AL3+ and Hydrogen H+ was determined using the method described by IITA (1979).
iv.        Exchangeable base (Na+ and K+) were determined using Golenkamp flame analyzer method. Calcium (Ca) was determined using IITA(1979) by pipetting method. Magnesium (Mg) was determined using the method described by IITA (1979).         
v.         Organic carbon /Organic matter were determined using the method described by IITA (1979).
vi.        Hardness (Ca +Mg) was determined using the method described by IITA (1979)
vii.      Electrical Conductivity was measured with a conductivity meter according to Rhoades (1982)
viii.     Sodium Absorption Ratio (SAR) was determined by calculation using the formula shown below:
  Where:         Na+ = Total Sodium
                        Ca2+ = Total Calciums
Mg2+ = Total Magnesium
Adjusted Sodium Absorption ratio Ad; SAR was determined by calculation, using this formula below:
Where:           Na+ = Total Sodium
                        Ca2+ + = Total Calcium
Mg = Total Magnesium
PHC (PKi2 – Pkic) + P(Hco-3) + Ca2+ + Mg2+)
(Pki2-PKic)= Conc of Ca2+ + Na+ (Mg/L
P(Hco3) = Conc of Co2-3 + HCo-3
P(Ca2+ + Mg2+) – Conc of Ca2+ Mg2+
ix.        Analysis of Heavy Metal (Pb, Cr, Cobalt)
x.         Analysis of Trace element (Iron, Chlorine, Boron, Zinc)
xi.        Temperature Measurement using thermometer immediately the sample is collected.
            The experiment involves the determination of the water source for irrigation purpose, the data obtained was analyzed using means, percentages and FLSD according to Stell and Torie, 1982, this was done to establish if any of the water sources was statistically different from the others.

4.0                                   RESULT AND DISCUSSION
The result of the water analysis for electrical conducting (EC) Sodium absorption ratio (SAR,) Residual sodium carbonate (RSC) for stream water in Eloki Edda is presented in tables 1.
Source water in Eloki Contains (1.76,1.21,1.42 and  1.10 me/l of EC in Achiogba, Oloekoh, Iminika and iyianyaoji respectively.
        The values are low compared to the standard used for Irrigation (9-15me/l). The high value of soluble salts e.g. calcium and magnesium in this water source shows that the system will contribution large amount of salts (Cation) for whatever the crop that will be planted the value of the water collected at Iminika is suitable for irrigation (9 me/l).
       There are 0.31,0.33, 0.48,0.59 me/l values of SAR In Achiogba, Oloekoli, Iminika and Iyianyaoji respectively the values are accepted for irrigation (<3) Ayer et al 1985.
       The value of RSC were 18.0,16.1 ,18.1 and 21.0 me/l in Achiogba, Oloikoli, Iminika and Iyanyaoji respectively. The values are high compared to the standard for irrigation which is (<1.25 meg/l).
      Also the mean sodium (Na) content in the surface water was 112.0,101.2 ,147.5 and 154.2 at Achiagba, Oloekoli, Iminika and Iyiangaoji respectively. These are within the standard for irrigation which is (<4 mg/l)
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