What is a Seminar work? A seminar is a small group of students and teachers. A seminar paper is a record of what you say to the group about a topic you have studied. Preparing a seminar paper gives you practice in technical writing which will help you when you write your thesis. For information on format see the instructions at the end of each issue of the Asian Journal of Energy & Environment, or any other international journal.

The title of your seminar paper should state your topic exactly in the smallest possible number of words.

Author's Name
Put your name, your ID number, the name of your department, and the name of your university under the title.

The abstract should state the most important facts and ideas in your paper. It should be complete in itself. The length of the abstract should be about 200 words. The abstract should state clearly:
  • the problem studied,
  • the method used,
  • the main results,
  • the main conclusions.
Do not put information in the abstract which is not in the main text of your paper. Do not put references, figures, or tables in the abstract.

The main text of your paper should be divided into sections, each with a separate heading.
The first section should be an introduction to your topic. This section should review the background of your topic and give an outline of the contents of your paper.

You should get the information for your paper from various sources, such as books, journals, lecture notes, etc. You must write the paper yourself using this information. You must not copy text written by other authors. Instead, select only the information you need and summarize this information in your own words.

The final section of your paper should summarize your conclusions.

Symbols and Units
Write mathematical equations in the simplest possible way so that they can be typed easily. Every mathematical symbol you use must be defined in the text. Use S. I. units for physical quantities.

You must give references to all the information that you obtain from books, papers in journals, and other sources. References may be made in the main text using index numbers in brackets.
Put a list of references, numbered as in the main text, at the end of your paper. The information you give in this list must be enough for readers to find the books and papers in a library or a data base.
For a journal paper give:
  1. the names of the authors,
  2. the year of publication,
  3. the title of the paper,
  4. the title of the journal,
  5. the volume number of the journal,
  6. the first and last page numbers of the paper.
For a book give:
  1. the author,
  2. the year of publication,
  3. the title, and the edition number if there is one,
  4. the name of the publisher,
  5. the page numbers for your reference.
For an internet reference give:
  1. the author of the web page,
  2. the date of the web page,
  3. the title of the web page,
  4. the complete URL.
Every reference in your main text must appear in the list at the end of your paper, and every reference in the list must be mentioned in your main text.

Tables must have a number and a caption above the table. The reader should be able to understand the table by reading the caption without looking at the main text. Every table must be mentioned in the main text.

Figures must have a number and a caption below the figure. The reader should be able to understand the figure by reading the caption without looking at the main text. Every figure must be mentioned in the main text.

Recommended Procedure for Writing a Paper
  1. Write your title first. This will define your topic clearly and focus your mind on exactly what you want the paper to contain.
  2. Search the literature and select the references on which the contents of yor paper will be based. Write your list of references.
  3. Make a list of your section headings and subheadings. This list will define the organization of the contents of your paper. The sections and subsections will contain not only material collected from other sources but also accounts of new work you have done:-- your observations, analysis of data, and conclusions.
  4. Write the sections and subsections one by one in a simple clear style. Remember that the reader does not know in advance any of the details of the work you have done, so your account must be complete and easy to understand.
  5. Write the abstract last by picking out the main points in your paper.
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