Palm Oil Products and Uses - SPO, RBDO, PFAD, Olein, Stearin, CPKO, RPKO

Special palm oil (SPO)

Premium grade palm oil with less than 3% free fatty acid (FFA) content, extracted from the mesocarp of palm fruits.

In order to make high quality refined products, it is essential to have crude palm oil of a good quality.

Special Palm Oil is used:
  • for cooking and frying
  • as nutritious supplement
  • in soap and detergent
Special Palm Oil Specifications:
FFA (%) Max:3.0
Moisture & Impurties (%) Max:0.1
IV:51-54
Colour (5 1/4" Lovibond) R:28-32
Colour (5 1/4" Lovibond) Y:16-22

 Palm Oil Mill Business Plan
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RBDO

Refined, Bleached and Deodorised Palm Oil is the result of refining Special Palm Oil. It contains between 0.05% and 0.15% free fatty acid.

Premium grade refined palm oil is known as Ultra Pure.
Ultra Pure is used:
  • for cooking and frying
  • in dairy products
  • as a nutritious supplement
  • in soap and detergent
Ultra Pure Specifications:
FFA (%) Max:0.08-0.15
Moisture & Impurities (%) Max:0.02
IV:51-54
PV (meq O²/kg)1.0-1.2
Melting Point (°C)34-38
Taste/Odour:Bland
Colour (5 1/4" Lovibond) R:3.0-4.5 or 9.0-12
Colour (5 1/4" Lovibond) Y:16-22

PFAD

Palm Fatty Acid Distillate (PFAD) contains a very high free fatty acid level and is mainly used by the quality soap industry. PFAD is obtained as a by-product of the refining process.

PFAD is used in soap and detergents.

Palm Fatty Acid Distillate Specifications:
FFA (%) Max:94-96
Moisture & Impurities (%) Max:0.03

 Read this: Palm Oil Business in Nigeria
Read this: Palm Oil Business in Nigeria


Olein

Palm Olein is a light yellow edible oil obtained from the fractionation of Refined Bleached and Deodorized Palm Oil, which is separated in two fractions by partial crystallization. The liquid fraction is called Palm Olein.

Premium grade refined palm olein is known as Prestige
Prestige is used:
  • for cooking and frying
  • as salad oil
  • in mayonnaise
  • in creams and spreads
Prestige Specifications:
FFA (%) Max:0.08-0.10
Moisture & Impurities (%) Max:0.02
IV:55-57
PV (meq O²/kg):1.0-1.2 or 4.0
Cloud Point (°C):10.5 or 9-16
Taste/Odour:Bland
Colour (5 1/4" Lovibond) R:3.0-4.5
Colour (5 1/4" Lovibond) Y:30-35

Stearin

Palm Stearin is the solid fraction obtained from the fractionation of Refined Bleached and Deodorized Palm Oil. It is mainly used by the food industry.
Premium grade refined palm stearin is known as Palma.
Palma is used:
  • in dough for biscuits
  • in chocolate and confectionery products
  • in snacks, crisps, ...
Palma Specifications:
FFA (%) Max:0.08-0.10
Moisture & Impurities (%) Max:0.01 or 0.02
IV:ranging from 30 to 54 depending on the customer's specifications
PV (meq O²/kg):ranging from 0.8 to 3.5 depending on the customer's specifications
Melting Point (°C):ranging from 36 to 55 depending on the customer's specifications
Taste/Odour:Bland
Colour (5 ¼" Lovibond) R:ranging from 2.8 to 4.5 depending on the customer's specifications
Colour (5 ¼" Lovibond) Y:30-35

 Palm Oil Storage
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CPKO

Crude Palm Kernel Oil (CPKO) is a light yellow crude oil, extracted from the palm kernels, containing mainly lauric acid.
Crude Palm Kernel Oil is used:
  • in ice cream
  • in margarine
  • in chocolate and confectionary products
  • in soap and detergent
Palm Kernel Oil Specifications:
FFA (%) Max:2.5
Moisture & Impurities (%) Max:0.3
IV:16-19
Colour (5 1/4" Lovibond) R:3.4-4.5
Colour (5 1/4" Lovibond) Y:30-32

RPKO

Refined Palm Kernel Oil (RPKO) is the result of the refining of crude palm kernel oil.
RPKO is known as Palpita.
Palpita is used:
  • in ice cream
  • in margarine
  • in chocolate and confectionery products
  • in soap and detergent
Palpita Specifications:
FFA (%) Max:0.08-0.1
Moisture & Impurities (%) Max:0.02
IV:16-19
PV (meq O²/kg):1.0-1.2
Melting Point (°C):26-28
Taste/Odour:Bland

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