Traditional Education is the type of education which its method of teaching is based on practical for initiation into the society and preparation of one for adulthood. It is also an Education that emphases on human development where children and adolescents were made to observe, imitate and ask questions on the actions of their elders, parents and siblings. They attend religious ceremonies, traditional weddings, funeral, coronations of kings and annual yam festival. Educational activities include practical farming, fishing, knitting, blacksmithing, cooking, wearing, carving etc. Intellectual training includes the study of local history, legends, riddles, folktale, proverbs, local geography (hills, valleys, rivers and plants).
They know when there are to expect rain and drought. They know the right time to plant, hunt fish and harvest. Recreational subjects inched wrestling, drumming dancing and racing.
It is a system that aimed at acquisition of skills appreciation of the dignity of labour, solving some of the country’s problem of unemployment. It is more economical to handle.
Thus, through traditional education one may learn about the existing taboos, the rules and the ethics of the society. Its also has no fixed place, no breaking up of knowledge into subjects and no designated teachers as we have in western education. Traditional education is both individualized and child-centered. It is individualized because it focuses on a particular child at a time. It is child-centered because it emphasis is mainly on the child.
In the traditional education, each social institution has a role to play in providing both moral value and practical teaching which would enable the young ones to take their rightful place in the community.
Some of characteristics of traditional education include collective aims for social life, there must be gradual and progressive achievement, it is channel towards the development of physical mental, spiritual aspect of human being.
MERITS OF TRADITIONAL EDUCATION
v It helps in the development of children and adolescents sense of belonging and encouragement of active participation in family and community affairs,
v It helps to understand and as well lead to appreciating and promoting of cultural heritage of the community,
v It helps in the inculcation of respect for elders and those in authority.
v It helps in promoting high sense of moral value.
v It encourages one to acquire specific vocational training and development of healthy attitude towards honest labour.
v It trains people to be effective leaders and good followers.
v It helps in development of child’s latent physical skill.
v It encourages creativity and spirit of tolerance.
v It offers wide range of opportunities where everyone must have something doing.
LIMITATION OF TRADITIONAL EDUCATION
Traditional education is limited to informal education which led some authors to regard it as primitive and barbaric. It is also centered on one’s culture without interference. Knowledge is revolve around a particular culture of a community
It discourages modernization. It does not encouraged the use of some learning styles (reading and writing, or listening and jotting) since its method of teaching is based on ‘practical’.
Further more, it limits innovation to some extent because of superstitious beliefs of the people which may limit their socialization. It is both conservation and confirmative (Odo, et al. 1996).