BECE Social Studies Objectives & Essay | Past Questions & Answer


This is a sample of the Basic Education Certification Examination (BECE) Social Studies Objectives and essay past questions and answers. Fee free to download anyone you need online. A simple Google.com search will give you hundreds of answers to help guide you as you prepare for the upcoming examination. You may need it to write BECE 2018/2019.


BECE 1999 Social Studies Objectives

1. Which of the following shows the relationship between distances on paper and actual distance on the ground? 
A. Longitude 
B. Key 
C. Scale 
D. Plan 
E. Contour

2. 1cm to 1 km expressed as representative fraction is 
A. 1:100 
B. 1:1,000 
C. 1:10,000 
D. 1:50,000 
E. 1:100,000

3. The earth rotates on its axis, spinning from 
A. East to West 
B. West to East 
C. South to North 
D. West to South 
E. East to South

4. An imaginary line which divides the earth into two hemispheres is called the 
A. latitude 
B. longitude 
C. meridian 
D. equator 
E. tropic

5. Which of the following instruments is used for showing direction? 
A. Thermometer 
B. Compass 
C. Anemometer 
D. Rain Gauge 
E. Barometer

6. The difference between the highest and lowest temperature recorded of a place during the day is called the 
A. Daily Range of Temperature 
B. Average Monthly Temperature 
C. Daily Average Temperature 
D. Mean Annual Temperature 
E. Daily Mean Temperature

7. An example of a sedimentary rock is 
A. granite 
B. gneiss 
C. marble 
D. clay 
E. quartzite

8. The original home of the Ewes was 
A. Ho 
B. Keta 
C. Ketu 
D. Kpando 
E. Gafe

9. Ghana became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations in 
A. 1948 
B. 1954 
C. 1957 
D. 1960 
E. 1966

10. The Dagombas are descendants of 
A. Ndewura Jakpa 
B. Samori 
C. Babatu 
D. Dariziogo 
E. Gbewa

11. Which of the following festivals is associated with fire display? 
A. Bugum 
B. Homowo 
C. Aboakyir 
D. Kundum 
E. Ohum

12. A major tributary of River Volta is the 
A. Pra 
B. Ankobra 
C. Oti 
D. Densu 
E. Ayensu

13. Which of the following towns in Ghana is important for mining of bauxite 
A. Obuasi 
B. Awaso 
C. Tarkwa 
D. Akwatia 
E. Nsuta

14. In which of the following regions in Ghana is the Akosombo Dam? 
A. Volta 
B. Central 
C. Ashanti 
D. Eastern 
E. Greater Accra

15. The first castle was built in Ghana in 1482 at 
A. Cape Coast 
B. Accra 
C. Axim 
D. Anomabo 
E. Elmina

16. All the European powers left the Coast of Ghana by 1872 except the 
A. British 
B. Danes 
C. Dutch 
D. Spanish 
E. Portuguese

17. The capital of British Gold Coast was moved from Cape Coast to Accra in 
A. 1850 
B. 1872 
C. 1874 
D. 1877 
E. 1896

18. Sources of revenue for District Assemblies in Ghana include 
A. Sales tax 
B. purchase tax 
C. basic rates 
D. income tax 
E. import duties

19. A major cash crop to West Africa is 
A. maize 
B. cocoa 
C. plantain 
D. cassava 
E. cocoyam

20. The most westerly point in West Africa is Cape 
A. Three points 
B. St. Paul 
C. Palmas 
D. Mount 
E. Verde

21. Who is the head of the judiciary in Ghana? 
A. the Speaker of Parliament 
B. the President 
C. the Chief Justice 
D. the Vice President 
E. the Attorney-General

22. Maintenance of law and order in the village community is enforced by 
A. an assemblyman 
B. District Chief Executive 
C. Unit Committee elders 
D. chiefs and elders 
E. pastors

23. Foreigners in Ghana enjoy all the following rights except that of 
A. expression 
B. worship 
C. voting 
D. association 
E. marriage

24. Environmental pollution is caused by all the following except 
A. smoking of cigarette 
B. making of loud noise 
C. dumping of refuse 
D. watering of flowers 
E. using chemical to catch fish

25. The farming practice, which combines crop cultivation and animal rearing, is called 
A. Mixed cropping 
B. Mixed farming 
C. Ranching 
D. Nomadism 
E. Transhuman

26. The tropical rainforest region of West Africa is important for the production of 
A. cattle 
B. millet 
C. tomatoes 
D. groundnuts 
E. timber

27. Desertification is caused by 
A. afforestation 
B. excessive rainfall 
C. overgrazing 
D. irrigation 
E. decrease in population

28. Countries in North Africa are noted for the production of 
A. crude oil 
B. diamond 
C. iron ore 
D. gold 
E. bauxite

29. The Prairies of USA is important for producing 
A. cars 
B. diamond 
C. timber 
D. fish 
E. wheat

30. The highest court in Ghana is the 
A. Supreme Court 
B. Magistrate court 
C. High court 
D. Tribunal court 
E. Court of Appeal

31. The great pyramids of Egypt were built as 
A. temples for Egyptian gods 
B. palaces for living pharaohs 
C. tourist attractions 
D. royal burial places 
E. warehouses for goods

32. Vaccines used in Ghana for the immunization of children are supplied by 
A. District Assemblies 
B. United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 
C. Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) 
D. World Health Organization (WHO) 
E. Non-Governmental Organization (NGOs)

33. The main organ of the United Nations Organizations (UNO) is the 
A. General Assembly 
B. Economic and Social Council 
C. International Court of Justice 
D. Security Council 
E. Secretariat

34. Which of the following animals was mostly used during the Trans-Saharan Trade? 
A. Elephants 
B. Ass 
C. Donkey 
D. Horse 
E. Camel

35. Bush fires occur very often during the 
A. rainy season 
B. harvesting season 
C. marketing days 
D. harmattan season 
E. cold season

36. The common fish caught in the lagoons of Ghana 
A. tuna 
B. herrings 
C. plaice 
D. tilapia 
E. mackerel

37. The insect responsible for spreading sleeping sickness is 
A. mosquitoes 
B. tsetsefly 
C. housefly 
D. locust 
E. simulium fly

38. Which of the following is important in the manufacture of cutting tools? 
A. Tin 
B. Iron 
C. Silver 
D. Lead 
E. Diamond

39. Children under the age five years should be immunized against all the following except 
A. polio 
B. tetanus 
C. cholera 
D. diphtheria 
E. whooping cough

40. The Organization of Africa Unity (OAU) is made up of only 
A. independent African states 
B. dependent African states 
C. colonized African states 
D. black African states 
E. warring states

BECE 2000 Social Studies Objectives

Paper 1 (Objective test) for BECE 2000 Social Studies. Unlike other BECE papers, this one has five (5) choices for each questions. This makes guessing less profitable for candidates :)

Use the contour diagram below to answer Questions 1 and 2. Contour values are in metres

1. The vertical interval of the contour lines on the diagram is 
A. 0 metres 
B. 50 metres 
C. 100 metres 
D. 300 metres 
E. 350 metres

2. What type of slope does the diagram show? 
A. Uniform 
B. Convex 
C. Gentle 
D. Concave 
E. Steep

3. The conventional sign on a topographical map represents a 
A. farm 
B. church 
C. market 
D. castle 
E. mosque

4. Cairo in Egypt is on longitude 30°E and Tema in Ghana is on Longitude 0°. What is the time difference between Cairo and Tema? 
A. 2 hours 
B. 3 hours 
C. 15 hours 
D. 30 hours 
E. 45 hours

5. Latitude 66 ½ ° North refers to the 
A. Antarctic Circle 
B. Tropic of Cancer 
C. Tropic of Capricorn 
D. Arctic Circle 
E. Equator

6. The revolution of the earth round the sun causes 
A. day and night 
B. high tides 
C. four seasons 
D. earthquakes 
E. line squalls

7. The North Pole receives 24 hours of sunlight when the sun is overhead on the 
A. Equator 
B. Tropic of Cancer 
C. Tropic of Capricorn 
D. Arctic Circle 
E. Antarctic Circle

8. Which of the following towns enjoys a cool climate throughout the year? 
A. Accra 
B. Aburi 
C. Nkawkaw 
D. Tema 
E. Koforidua

9. Thick dark clouds, thunder and lightning are associated with 
A. convectional rainfall 
B. relief rainfall 
C. evaporation 
D. transpiration 
E. condensation

10. What name is given to the point where a tributary joins the main river ? 
A. Source 
B. Mouth 
C. Confluence 
D. Delta 
E. Estuary

11. Which of the following is not a coastal landform? 
A. Stack 
B. Sand bar 
C. Spit 
D. Levee 
E. Lagoon

12. The main type of vegetation found in the south-western part of Ghana is the 
A. Coastal scrub and grassland 
B. Mangrove forest 
C. Guinea savana 
D. Sudan savana 
E. Rain forest

13. Which of the following is not a sedimentary rock? 
A. Granite 
B. Clay 
C. Sandstone 
D. Shale 
E. Coal

14. The prevailing winds that blow over most parts of northern Ghana between November and February are the 
A. South-West monsoon winds 
B. North-East monsoon winds 
C. North-East Trade winds 
D. Westerly winds 
E. Easterly winds

15. The railway line from Dunkwa to Awaso was built by the British mainly to transport 
A. timber 
B. bauxite 
C. manganese 
D. cocoa 
E. foodstuffs

16. Which one of the following towns is noted for textile manufacturing? 
A. Mampong 
B. Nkawkaw 
C. Oda 
D. Wa 
E. Juapong

17. The people of Ada celebrate the 
A. Akwambo festival 
B. Odwira festival 
C. Lukusi festival 
D. Asafotu-fiam festival 
E. Danyiba Kaka festival

18. Which of the following ethnic groups is found between the Pra and the Densu rivers ? 
A. The Fante 
B. The Ga 
C. The Akwamu 
D. The Adangme 
E. The Sefwi

19. The capital built by Osei Tutu I for the Ashanti kingdom was 
A. Kumawu 
B. Ejisu 
C. Kumasi 
D. Mampong 
E. Bekwai

20. The Sagbadre war was fought between the Anlo and the 
A. Dutch 
B. British 
C. Germans 
D. Portuguese 
E. Danes

21. The British used the indirect rule system to govern the people of the Gold Coast through the 
A. police 
B. army 
C. registrars 
D. chiefs 
E. judiciary

22. Sir Gordon Guggisberg was the Governor of the Gold Coast from 
A. 1830 to 1845 
B. 1846 to 1860 
C. 1901 to 1919 
D. 1909 to 1926 
E. 1919 to 1927

23. Which of the following was not a member of the Fante confederation 
A. The Denkyira 
B. The Brong 
C. The Assin 
D. Twifu 
E. The Wassa

24. The Aborigines Rights Protection Society was formed in 1897 to 
A. protect the property of the local people 
B. educate the people on how to vote 
C. protect the people from invasion 
D. give the people the license to trade 
E. register the people for the purpose of taxation

25. One of the founding member of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) was 
A. Dr Kwame Nkrumah 
B. Dr J.B. Danquah 
C. Mr Kojo Botsio 
D. Mr K.A. Gbedemah 
E. Mr Krobo Edusei

26. The Watson Commission was set up in 
A. 1919 
B. 1925 
C. 1930 
D. 1948 
E. 1951

27. The first Governor-General of independent Ghana was 
A. Commander Hill 
B. Sir Gordon Guggisberg 
C. Sir Charles Arden-Clarke 
D. Lord Listowell 
E. George Maclean

28. The soldiers who returned to the Gold Coast after the Second World faced all the following problems except 
A. non-payment of pension benefits 
B. unavailability of houses 
C. absence of jobs 
D. high prices of goods 
E. being denied the right to vote

29. The Drakensberg mountains are found in 
A. South Africa 
B. West Africa 
C. East Africa 
D. Central Africa 
E. North Africa

30. Tin is mined in Nigeria at 
A. Enugu 
B. Kaduna 
C. Jos 
D. Kano 
E. Port Harcourt

31. Which of the following methods is used in mining crude oil? 
A. Open cast 
B. Deep shaft 
C. Drilling 
D. Dredging 
E. Panning

32. The leading producer of coffee in West Africa 
A. Ghana 
B. La Cote d’Ivoire 
C. Liberia 
D. Nigeria 
E. Sierra Leone

33. Which of the following people are livestock rearers in East Africa? 
A. Hausa 
B. Tuareg 
C. Fulani 
D. Masai 
E. Mossi

34. All the following were important centres of the Trans-Saharan trade except 
A. Timbuktu 
B. Kumbi-Saleh 
C. Audaghost 
D. Gao 
E. Taghaza

35. The king who expanded the Mali Kingdom into an empire was 
A. Mansa Musa 
B. Sakora 
C. Sundiata 
D. Sumanguru 
E. Mansa Ule

36. One of the reasons for the partition of West Africa by the Europeans was to 
A. spread the gospel 
B. stop the slave trade 
C. protect the indigenous people 
D. protect their places of trade 
E. set up industries

37. Which of the following countries ruled Togo before the First World War? 
A. Portugal 
B. Germany 
C. Britain 
D. France 
E. Spain

38. The treaty for the formation of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was signed in 
A. Accra 
B. Abidjan 
C. Lagos 
D. Niamey 
E. Lome

39. The Casablanca Group that helped with the formation of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) was made up of Morocco, Guinea, Egypt, Libya, Mali and 
A. Ghana 
B. Congo 
C. Nigeria 
D. Kenya 
E. Zambia

40. The administrative body of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is the 
A. Security Council 
B. International Court of Justice 
C. General Assembly 
D. Economic and Social Council 
E. Secretariat

BECE 2015 Social Studies Paper 2 (Essay)

Written on June 30, 2015 after the June 18 paper (which was not written) was cancelled.

Paper 2 
Essay 
1 hour

This paper consists of three sections: I, II and III. Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.

All questions carry equal marks. Answer all the questions in your answer booklet.

Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material.

Section I 
The Environment 
Answer one question only from this section

1. (a) Describe four bad effects of deforestation. [12 marks]

(b) In what four ways can deforestation be minimized in Ghana? [8 marks]

2. Outline five ways of fostering national unity in Ghana. [20 marks]

Section II 
Governance, Politics and Stability 
Answer one question only from this section.

3. (a) State four reasons for the migration of different ethnic groups in Ghana. [4 marks]

(b) Suggest four ways of sustaining peace and unity among the different ethnic groups in Ghana. [16 marks]

4. (a) Highlight any four contributions of Ghana to the United Nations Organization. [12 marks]

(b) State four benefits Ghana enjoys form the United Nations Organization. [8 marks]

Section III 
Social and Economic Development 
Answer one question only from this section.

5. (a) List four minerals mined in Ghana and indicate where they are mined. [8 marks]

(b) Describe four ways in which minerals are important to the economy of Ghana. [12 marks]

6. (a) (i) Define primary production. [2 marks] 
(ii) State two examples of primary production. [2 marks]

(b) Suggest four ways by which productivity can be increased in the primary sector. [16 marks]

Related coming soon
  • BECE 2015 Social Studies Objectives
  • BECE 2014 Social Studies Objectives
  • BECE 2000 Social Studies Objectives
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