Evaluation of full-fat and defatted maggot meals in the feeding of clariid catfish Clarias gariepinus fingerlings

Evaluation of full-fat and defatted maggot meals in the feeding of clariid catfish Clarias gariepinus fingerlings
                    Aquaculture, Fisheries & Fish Science
                    General Aquaculture, Fisheries & Fish Science
                    Aquaculture Research
                    Vol 34 Issue 9
                    Abstract


Keywords:
                    maggot meals;
                    hydrolysed;
                    defatted;
                    full fat;
                    sun dried;
                    oven dried


Abstract
The nutritional implication of processed maggot meals, hydrolysed, defatted, full-fat, sun-dried and oven-dried, in the diets of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings were evaluated. The nutrient density, proximate composition, gross energy and mineral constituents of the maggot meals were determined. Five isonitrogenous and isocaloric diets were formulated to provide 40% crude protein in which fish meal in the reference diet was completely replaced by any of the following processed maggot meals: oven-dried full-fat (ODM), sun-dried full-fat (SDM), defatted oven-dried (DODM) and defatted sun-dried (DSDM) maggot meals respectively. Fish were fed ad libitum in triplicate treatments for 56 days in glass tanks. Biological evaluations of the fish were based on growth performance and nutrient utilization indices. The result of the nutrient composition analysis showed that processing methods of defattening and drying influenced the nutrient density of maggot meal, with crude protein content ranging between 43.30% and 46.70% for full-fat sun-dried and hydrolysed/defatted oven-dried maggot meals respectively. The result showed that growth performance and nutrient utilization of fish fed DODM and DSDM dietary inclusions were not significantly different and similar to fish fed the fish meal-based diet. However, fish fed the diet containing SDM exhibited lower daily weight gain, protein efficiency ratio and specific growth. Generally, fish performed better when fed diets containing defatted maggot meals than full-fat maggot meal, and compared favourably with fish fed the fish meal-based diet.


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