THE CAUSES OF STUDENT UNREST IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS: A STUDY OF BIRNIN GWARI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE



THE NATIONAL TEACHERS INSTITUTE (NTI) KADUNA STATE

POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA (PGDE)

 ABSTRACT
This study focused on the effects of student’s unrest in secondary school in Birnin Gwari Local Government Area of Kaduna State. Its objectives were to find out the extent to which mismanagement of school funds and properties, lack of basic facilities, among others lead to students’ unrest, five research questions were formulated to guide the study, the design of the study was descriptive survey. The population of the study comprises fourteen public secondary schools in Birnin Gwari Local Government Area. The instrument for data collection was structured questionnaire. Data was analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The findings of the study revealed that there are many causes of students’ unrest in Birnin Gwari Local Government Area such as: lack of teaching staff, mismanagement of school funds, and lack of basic facilities among others. Based on these findings some recommendations were made.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                                                      i
Certification                                                                                                  ii
Approval page                                                                                           iii
Dedication                                                                                                   iv
Acknowledgments                                                                                       v
Table of contents                                                                                         vi
List of tables                                                                                                 viii
Abstracts                                                                                                       ix
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background of the Study                                                                1   
1.2       Statement of the Problem                                                                4
1.3       Purpose of the Study                                                                       5
1.4       Significance of the Study                                                                5
1.5       Scope of the Study                                                                           7
1.6       Research Question                                                                           7
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE    
2.1       Conceptual Framework of Student’s Unrest                                9
2.2       Review of Empirical Studies                                                          16
2.3       Causes of Student’s unrest                                                            18
2.4       Effect of student’s unrest                                                               23
2.5       Ways of controlling student’s unrest                                            24
2.6       Summary of literature review                                                        25
            CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY  
3.1       Research Design                                                                               27
3.2       Area of the Study                                                                             27
3.3       Population of the Study                                                                  28
3.4       Sample and Sampling Techniques                                                 29
3.5       Validation and Reliability of the Instrument                               29
3.6       Method of Data Collection                                                           30
3.7       Method of Data Analysis                                                                31                               
CHAPTER FOUR
Presentation of Results and Findings                                                        32
CHAPTER FIVE:
5.1       Discussion of Finding                                                                     40
5.2       Implications of the Study                                                                42
5.3       Recommendation                                                                             43
5.4       Limitations of the Study                                                                 44
5.5       Suggestions for further Study                                                        45
5.6       Summary of the Study                                                                     45
5.7       Conclusion                                                                                        47
            REFERENCES                                                                                  48  
            APPENDIX I                                                                                      51
            APPENDIX II                                                                        52
LIST OF TABLES
Table 1: Mean scores of students on how lack of teaching
staff lead to students’ unrest                                                                      32
Table 11: The mean of scores of students on the extent mismanagement
of school fund and properties lead to students’ unrest                                      34
Table III: to what extent does lack of basic facilities in school
lead to students’  in Birnin Gwari Local Government Area of Kaduna State      35
Table IV: The means score of students on the effects of students’
unrest pm the academic performance of students in secondary school 37
Table V: Means scores of students on the ways of controlling
students’ unrest in secondary school                               38

REFERENCES
Abuduilahi, I. (1998), Political Influence Towards Students’ Unrest in         Nigeria. Kano University Press.

Abiodum, M. (1990), A Handbook on “Youth and Society the way out”       Kaduna: Ismailaradu Publishers.

Abiodum, A. A. (1990), “Students” Unrest in Sabongeri College of   Education Kano: Quanta Publishers Ltd. 

Abero, T. (2001) Secondary Rights in policy making in schools in Nigeria Nsukka: University Press. 

Aderson, C. & Dyke, M. (1994), Secondary School Administration. Boson Houston Miffon Company Press.

Adegbe, F. N. (2001), Students Rights Policy making in schools in    Nigeria. Nsukka University Press. 

Adiogbode, K. (2000), Student dishonesty and its control in Colleges           New York: Balantine Book Inc.

Akpan, N. U. (2000) A Workshop on Leadership Potential of Principals in Nigeria Journal of Education 5 (2) 6-9 Enugu: University Press.

Boyson, A. (2000). Crises on Education in a Changing Society. London       Worburn Press.    

Browers, W. (2000), Measuring the success of Students in Education           Performance. Paper at the National Conference of Social Studies.    Educationist Umuahia: Abia State University  

Califero, A. (1994), Student Revolution. London: A Global Confirmation    Macmillam Press. 

Christian, I. (2002), Campaign Against Cultism and Drug Addiction Among Youths in Nigeria. Calabar Magnet Business Enterprises      (Publishing Division).

Daniel, I. I. (2004), Issues in Social Studies. Enugu PAQON (Press)   Services Nigeria.  

Ekwere, P. (2000), “Education an Instrument of National Development        Idoma: Nigeria Chronically Press.

Fatiregun, D. (1996) A Handbook for Student’s Government on Students    Welfare. Ibadan: University Press. 

Faremi, O. N. (1984) Teachers Attitude with Students in School         Environment. Onisha: Orient Publishers.

Fharant, N. (1987), Effects of Inexperience’s Teacher in Secondary Schools Nsukka: Prize Publishers. Hart, W. (2000). Akarata Press.   

Igantus, N. A. (2001). Education Policy in Nigeria. Enuug Cheston    Publisher Ltd.  

Taribu, A. (1995) Taxonomy of Educational Objective in Secondary            Schools. Platue: Quandir Publisher Ltd.

Zerber, N. & Smith, O. Y. (2002). Educational Issue in a Changing    Society Wane State: University Press. 

Lowentein, T. O. (1994). Influence of Teachers towards teaching      Learning in Schools. Imo: University Press.

Levertain, S. (2004). Students Crises in School, London: Worburn Press.

Nwebueze, O. I. (2004). “Advice, the way out from Students Destrcution’. Anambra: Nap Publishers Ltd.

Nbwokiki, H. O. (1996). Effects of Demonstration/Rioting in the       University Ife: University Press.

Nwogu, N. S. (1992). Unrest in School “High time we check it in Nigeria”. Enugu: Express Publisher Ltd.

Ogbuka, C. (1995). Students Unrest” Academic Star. Onitsha Orient             Publishers. 

Olisha, S. & Okafor, F. C. (1997). Experience on Academic Unrest in           School. Owerri White & White Publishers.

Okadigbo, D. C. (1998). Critical View of Students Unrest. Anambra:            Owerri Patriotic Publishers.

Okomkpa, P. (1995). Measurement of School Academic Improvement         Owerri: Patriotic Publishers.

Oremi, C. & Obeta, N. T. (1995). Effects of Students’ Unrest on         Academic Performance. Edo: University Press. 

Ozigi, A. O. (2002). A Handbook on Students Organization and         Management London: Macmillan Education Press.  

Spiff, K. Yajasi, L. (1997). Discipline on our School Academic Star New     York Megraw –Hill Inc.

Tylor, C. (2000). School Management in Nigeria Education System Lagos: Ed-Solid Foundation Publishers.  

Ubom, N. K. (2002). Students and School’s Riot, Ife: University Press.

Zudue, K. S. (2001). The Effects of Exploitation in our Institutions. Uturu: University. 

APPENDIX I

National Teachers’
Institute kaduna
Kadunna State University Study Centre
Kadunna State
11th October, 2012

Dear Principal,
            I am a student of the above institute I am carrying out a research on the causes of students’ unrest in secondary schools in Birnin Gwari Local Government Area of Kadunna State.
            The purpose of this research is purely academics. I shall therefore appreciate your co-operation and be grateful if you give solution to the following questions bearing in mind that whether information given will be treated with utmost confidentiality.
            Thanks for your participation and cooperation.

Researcher

APPENDIX II
RESEARCH QUESTIONNAIRES
Research Question One
To what extent does lack of teaching staff lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools in Birnin Gwari Local Government Area of Kadunna State?

(a)              Inadequate teachers lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools.
(b)              Lack of qualified teachers lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools
(c)              Over labour of teachers can indirectly affect the students and in turn lead to students’ unrest.
(d)              Transfer of a subject to unqualified teachers lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools.
(e)              Inadequate teaching staff leads to poor performance of students in secondary school.

Research Question Two     
            To what extent does mismanagement of school funds and properties lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools in Birnin Gwari Local Government Area of Kadunna State?
(a)              Over exploitation measure on students by the management lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools.
(b)              Poor administrative activities or function lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools.
(c)              Negative attitude of authorities towards maintenance and replacement of school properties lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools.
(d)              Transfer of subject to unqualified teachers lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools.
(e)              Inadequate teaching staff leads to poor performance of students in secondary schools.

Research question Three               
            To what extent does lack of basic facilities ins secondary schools lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools in Birnin Gwari Local Government Area of Kadunna State?
(a)              Inadequate classroom in schools lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools.
(b)              Lack of sports equipment such as football, volleyball pitch etc lead to students unrest in secondary schools.
(c)              Poor conducive dormitory in schools lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools.
(d)              Inadequate library facilities lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools.
(e)              Lack of instructional materials lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools.


Research Question Four      
            What are the effects of students’ unrest on the academic performance of students in secondary schools in Birnin Gwari Local Government Area of Kadunna State?
(a)              Students unrest causes the students to indulge in exam malpractices in secondary schools.
(b)              Students in secondary schools miss their exams because of students’ unrest.
(c)              Students jump secondary schools into university.
(d)              Students makes grade in their exams because of students unrest
(e)              Students’ unrest affect population growth of schools.

Research Question Five    
            What are the ways of controlling students’ unrest in secondary schools in Birnin Gwari Local Government Area of Kadunna State?
(a)              Adequate management of the available facilities could help to stop students’ unrest in secondary schools.
(b)              Unnecessary exploitation measures to the students could help to stop students’ unrest.
(c)              Eradication of secrete cult activities in our society could help to reduce students’ unrest.
Adequate security measure provided by the government could reduce unrest in secondary schools.


STUDY2: A STUDY OF IZZI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE




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