STUDENT CONFLICT IN JOS (NORTH, EAST, SOUTH) LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF PLATEAU STATE


THE REASONS OF STUDENT CONFLICT IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
A STUDY OF JOS (NORTH, EAST, SOUTH) LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF PLATEAU STATE

CHAPTER FOUR
PRESENTATION OF RESULTS AND FINDINGS
            This chapter deals with the presentation and analysis of data based on the five research questions that guided the study. Result are presented in table 1-5.
Research Question One 
            To what extent does lack of teaching staff lead to students unrest in secondary schools in Jos (North, East, South)  Local Government Area of Plateau State.
Table 1: Mean scores of students on hoe lack of teaching staff lead to students’ unrest.

Item no
Item focus
X
Std
Decision
1.
Inadequate teacher lead to students’ unrest in school
2.6
1.05
Agreed
2.
Lack of qualified teachers lead to students’ unrest in secondary school.
2.8
0.81
Agreed
3.
Over labour of teachers can indirectly  affects the students and in turn lead to students’ unrest
2.6
0.76
Agreed
4.
Transfer of a subject qualified teacher lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools
2.3
1.00
Disagreed
5.
Inadequate teaching staff lead to poor performance of students in secondary schools.
3.0
0.97
Agreed

Average mean
2.7


            The result of data analysis presented in table 1 above revealed  that the respondent in item 1,2,3 and 5 agreed the items are the ways lack of teaching staff lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools. It also revealed that the respondents in item 4 disagreed that the items is how lack of teaching staff lead in students’ unrest in secondary school. Average means for all the items in table is 2.7 which is far above 2. therefore, it was accepted that lack of teaching staff leads to students’ unrest in secondary school in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area of Plateau State.
Research Question Two   
            To what extent does mismanagement of school find and prosperities lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area in Plateau State.
Table 11: The means cores of students on the extent mismanagement of school find and properties lead to students’ unrest.     
     
Item no
Item focus
X
Std
Decision
6.
Over exploitation measure on students by the management lead to students’ unrest in secondary school.

2.7


1.16

Agreed
7.
Poor administrative activities or functions lead to student’ unrest in secondary school.

2.6


1.01

Agreed
8.
Negative attitude of authorities towards maintenance and replacement of school properties lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools. 


2.0


0.99


Disagreed
9.
Transfer of subject qualified teacher lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools

3.0

1.04

Agreed
10.
Inadequate teaching staff lead to poor performance of students in secondary schools  

2.5

1.00

Agreed

Average mean
2.6



            The result data analysis presented in table II above revealed that the respondents in items 6,7,9 and 10 agreed that the items are the extent mismanagement of school funds and properties lead to students’ unrest in school schools.
            It was also revealed that respondents in items 8 disagreed that the item is to what extent does mismanagement of schools find and properties, lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools. The average means for all the items in table II is 6, which is above 2.5 therefore, it was accepted that mismanagement of schools find and properties lead to student’ unrest in secondary schools in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area of Plateau State.
Research Question Three:    
            To what extent does lack of basic facilities in school lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area of Plateau State.
Item no
Item focus
X
Std
Decision
11.
Inadequate classroom in school lead to students’ unrest in secondary school 

3.0

1.09

Agreed
12.
Lack of sport equipment such as football, volleyball pitch. Etc lea to students’ unrest in secondary schools.

2.9

1.00

Agreed
13.
Poor conductive dormitory in school lead to students’ unrest secondary school.  

2.3

1.13

Agreed
14.
Inadequate library facilities lead to students’ unrest in secondary school.

2.3

1.00

Agreed
15.
Lack of instructional material lead to students’ unrest in secondary school 

2.9

1.08

Agreed

Average mean =
2.6


 
            The result of data analysis presented in table II above revealed that the respondents in items 11, 12, 13, and 15, agreed that the items are the extent. Lack of basic facilities in school lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools. It was also revealed that respondents in item 14 disagreed that item is the extent to which lack of basic facilities in school leads to students’ unrest in secondary school. The average mean for the entire item in table III is 2.7, which is far above 2.5 therefore, it was accepted that lack if basic facilities in school lead to students unrest in secondary school in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area of Plateau State.

Research Question Four:    
            What are the effects of students’ unrest on the academic performance of students in secondary schools in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area in Plateau State?
Table IV: The means score of students on the effects of students’ unrest pm the academic performance of students in secondary school.



Item no
Item focus
X
Std
Decision
16.
Students’ unrest causes the students to indulged in exam malpractice in secondary schools.

2.9

1.2

Agreed
17.
Students in secondary school miss their exam because of students’ unrest

2.5

1.2

Agreed
18.
Students judge in school into university
2.3
0.9
Disagreed
19.
Students makes grade in their exam because of students unrest   

2.8

1.2

Agreed
20.
Students’ unrest affect population growth schools.
2.7
1.2
Agreed

Average mean =



   
            The result of data analysis presented in table IV above revealed that the respondents in items 16, 17, 19, and 20 agreed that the items are the effect of unrest on the academic school. The average mean for all the item in table IVs 2.7 which is far above 2.5. therefore, it was accepted that the students’ unrest effect students performance in secondary school in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area of Plateau State.


Research question Give:   
            What are the ways of controlling students’ unrest students in secondary schools in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area in Plateau State?
Table V: the means score of students on the effects of students’ unrest pm the academic performance of students in secondary school.
Item no
Item focus
X
Std
Decision
21.
Adequate management of the available facilities could help to stop students’ unrest in secondary school. 

2.7

1.00

Agreed
22.
Unnecessary exploitation measure to the students could help to stop students unrest.   

2.7

1.0

Agreed
23.
Eradication off secret cult activities in our society could help reduce students’ unrest 

2.7

1.2

Agreed
24.
Well- trained and good moral teachers can help reduce students’
2.8
1.2
Agreed
25.
Adequate security measure provided by the government could reduce unrest in secondary schools. 

2.8

1.2

Agreed
    Controlling of students’ unrest in secondary schools. The average means for all the tem in table V is 2.7 which if far above 2.5 therefore, it was accepted that the above mentioned means are ways of controlling of students’ unrest in secondary school in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area of Plateau State.
Summary of Result   
1.                  The finding from table 1 proves that lack of teaching staff lead to students unrest in secondary school.
2.                  The finding from table 11 shows the mismanagement of school find and properties led to students’ unrest in secondary schools.
3.                  From the table III above, it was prove that lack of basic facilities in school lead to students’ unrest in secondary school.
4.                  The finding from table IV proves that students’ unrest affect students performance in secondary schools.
5.                  From the finding of table C, it agreed that adequate management of available resources eradication of secrete cult activities unnecessary exploitative measure to the students e.t.c could help to reduce students’ unrest in secondary schools.


CHAPTER FIVE
DISCUSSION OF THE FINDINGS, IMPLICATIONS, RECOMMENDATIONS, LIMITATION OF THE STUDY, SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY AND SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
            In this chapter, attempt was made to discuss the findings presented in the preceding chapters.

5.1       Discussion of the Findings 
            The result of data analysis in table 1 revealed that the respondents agree that items are causes of students’ unrest in secondary schools in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area of Plateau State.
            The average mean of all the items in table 1 was 2.7 and hence the average means was greater than 2.5, it was accepted that inadequate teacher, lack of qualified teachers, over labour of teaching staff lead to students’ unrest in secondary schools. This is in line with the view of Fharant (1987), who warned that “teachers that ate not trained in the field and cannot teach by inspiring the child should not go ahead to teach because such person is hammering on cold iron. According to Ibon, this could lead to students’ unrest. In support of the above Abiodum (1990) asserted that some teachers use their poison to intimidate students their by causing students’ unrest.
            The result of the data analysis in table II revealed that the respondents agreed that items 6.7,9,10 proved that mismanagement of school find and properties lead to students’ unrest. While item 8 disagreed with this.   The average means for all the items in table II was 2.6 which is greaer than 2.5, it was therefore accepted that over exploitation of students poor administrative. Activities, looting of school fund and re-directs school properties as personal can cause students ‘ unrest. In line with the above, Ikeagu (1997), opined that students’ unrest in our secondary schools is caused by had administration and poor planning by the school principals and management.
            The result of data analysis presented in table III showed that respondents in items 11,12,13 and 15 agreed that the items are the extent to which lack of basic facilities in school lead to students’ unrest. It was also revealed that respondents in item 4 disagreed with this. The items are inadequate classroom, lack of sport equipment, poor conducive dormitory, lack of instructional materials among other. The average means is greater than 2.5, it was accepted that: lack of instructional materials, lack of library facilities and lack classroom among other, are factors that can lead to students’ unrest in school. This is in the with Olumogu (1991) in his graded essay who use that insufficient facilities such as library facilities dormitory, sports facilities among others lead to students unrest.
            Research question IV south to art the effect of students’ on the academic performance of the students in secondary school. The result of data analysis in table IV revealed that the respondents in items 16,17,19 and 20 agreed that students’ unrest affect students academic performance where the respondent in items 18 disagreed.
            The average means for all the items in table IV is 2.7 which was greater than 2.5 therefore, it was accepted that students’ unrest affects students academic performance. This has supported the assertion of Aguene (1999) who noted that so many students have being thrown out of school because of students’ unrest so many did not graduate from school and lost their lives because of students’ unrest.
            Research question V sought to find out the ways of controlling students’ unrest in secondary schools. The result of data analysis revealed that the respondent in table IV items agreed that adequate of secret cult among other are:-

5.2       Implication of the Study 
1.         Lack of teaching staff lead to students’ unrest in secondary
2.         Mismanagement of school find and properties lead to students’ unrest in secondary school.
3.         Lack of basic facilities in school lead students’ unrest in secondary school.
4.         Students’ unrest affects students’ academic performances in secondary school.
5.         Adequate management of available resource, eradication of secrets cult activities unnecessary exploitative measure to the students among other could help to reduce students’ unrest in secondary schools.

The necessary measure to be taken in other to control students’ unrest in secondary school. The average means for all the items was 2.7, which was greater then 2.5 therefore, it was accepted that the items mentions above were the means of controlling students’ unrest in secondary school. This is in line with the view of Auston (2000) who noted that government have proved a conducive atmosphere in school which would enable the students to learn.      

5.3       Recommendation  
            Based on the findings, the following recommendations were made:
1.                  The schools authorities should ensure adequate management of school facilities such as classroom, dormitory, library and sport equipment to enhance teaching learning in the reduce students’ unrest in school.
2.                  The secondary education board should employ qualified principals and teachers in secondary school to enhance teaching and learning.
3.                  The teachers, principal and school management should be more accommodative with the students.
4.                  In the case of decisions making, students should elected to represent the father students in decision pertaining the students in school.
5.                  Government should make more provisions of conducive, classroom dormitory, library facilities for students.
6.                  The educational administrators should make a policy that could state the sanction (s) that could be given to teachers, principals and students who causes unrest in school.

5.4       Limitation of the Study     
            The limitations of the study are:-
1.                  It was observe that some of the respondents were reluctant and dishonest in filing the questionnaire thereby making it difficult to elicit authentic information from such respondents.
2.                  Most of the schools were situated in remove areas that were not motorable thereby making the accessibility of such schools difficult.
3.                  The study made use of only public schools and some private schools in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area in Plateau State.

5.5           Suggestions for Further Studies 
            Based on the findings and limitations of the study. Other research’s should address the following areas:
1.                  Another investigation of this nature should be carried out using federal, state and private schools.
2.                  in a further investigation of this nature, all the secondary school in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government should be involved
3.                  In subsequent investigation of this nature, a research could be carried out to find whether schools locations are positively relative to students’ unrest.
4.                  To explore whether incident to students’ unrest are more single sex schools or mixed secondary schools. 
5.                  To study the relationship between students’ unrest in secondary schools and factors external to the school like politics, religious belief of the parents of the students. 

5.6.      Summary of the Entire Work  
            This study focused on the causes and control of students’ unrest in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area in Plateau State. Five purpose were formulated to guide the study thus:
1.                  To find out the extent to which management of school fund and properties leads to students’ unrest in secondary school in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area in Plateau State.
2.                  To find out the extent lack of teaching staff lead to poor performance of students in secondary schools in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government are in Plateau State.   
3.                  To find out the extent to which lack of basic facilities in schools lead to students unrest in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area of Plateau State
4.                  To find out the ways of controlling students’ unrest in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area of Plateau State.
5.                  Find research question were formulated to guide the study. The questions are as follows:
(a)              To what extend does of teaching staff lead to students’ unrest in secondary school in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area of Plateau State.
(b)              To what extent does  mismanagement of school find and properties lead to students’ unrest in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area of Plateau State?
(c)              To what extend does lack of basic facilities in school lead to students’ unrest in secondary school in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area of Plateau State/
(d)              What are the effects students unrest on the academic performance of student in secondary school in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area in Plateau State?
(e)              What are the ways of controlling students’ unrest in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area of Plateau State/
The design employed in the study was descriptive survey. The population of the study comprised four thousand who hundred male and female students of fourteen public secondary school in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area. The population was sampled using simple random technique.
            Data was collected using structured questionnaires. Data was analyze on individuals items using means frequency and standard deviation.              

5.7       Conclusion
            The following conclusions were made after the researcher’s finding. The result of data analysis revealed that many factors contributed to the causes of students’ unrest in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area in Plateau State. If these identified problems are properly handled by government, private and individuals members of the societies in Nigeria, students’ unrest could be reduced in Jos (North, East, South) Local Government Area in Plateau State and Nigeria in general.
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