A RESEARCH PROJECT SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF
FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY COUNCIL OF NIGERIA FOR THE AWARD OF A REGISTERED MIDWIFE CERTIFICATE.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page i
Table of Content v
List of Tables viii
List of Figures ix
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background of Study 1
1.2 Statement of Problem 4
1.3 Purpose of the Study 5
1.4 Significance of the Study 5
1.5 Scope of Study 6
1.6 Operational Definition of Terms 6
2.0 Literature Review 7
2.1 Introduction 7
2.2 The Concept of Socio-Economic Status 7
2.3 Nutrition in Preschool (1-5years) Nutrition 9
2.4 Recommended Dietary Allowances for the Preschool Child 10
2.5 A Day’s Menu for the Preschool Child 12
2.6 Influence of Socio-Economic Status 13
2.7 Malnutrition 16
2.8 Factors affecting Nutrition 17
2.9 Nutritional Assessment in the Preschool Children 18
2.10 Empirical Review of Related Literature 22
2.11 Summary 24
2.12 Theoretical Framework 25
3.0 Research Methodology 28
3.1 Research Design 28
3.2 Area of Study 28
3.3 Population of the Study 29
3.4 Sample and Sampling Technique 29
3.5 Instruments for Data Collection 29
3.6 Validation of Instrument 30
3.7 Procedure for Data Collection 30
3.8 Method of Data Analysis 31
4.0 Data analysis, Presentation, and Interpretation of Data 32
4.1 Introduction 32
4.2 Demographic Data 32
4.3 Summary of Findings 43
5.0 Discussion and Major Findings 44
5.1 Introduction 44
5.2 Discussion of Research Findings 44
5.3 Limitation of Study 47
5.4 Recommendations 47
5.5 Suggestion for Further Study 48
5.6 Summary 48
5.6 Conclusion 48
LIST OF TABLES
Table 1 Recommended dietary allowance for the preschool child
Table 2 A sample of one day menu for the preschool child
Table 3 Clinical assessment of nutritional state
Table 4 Some anthropometric technique
Table 5 Presentation of age of the parent used for the study
Table 6 Presentation of the religion of mothers used
Table 7 Age distribution of children used for the study
Table8 Presentation of level of education of parent mothers to children under study.
Table 9 Presentation of the occupational status of these mothers
Table 10 Presentation of the mother’s level of income
Table11 Presentation of the mid upper arm circumference of the children
Table 12 Presentation of the body mass index of the respondents
Table 13 Presentation of the socioeconomic status of mothers as it affects the nutritional status of their children
Table 14 Presentation of the duration of breastfeeding for children studied
Table 15 Presentation of the distribution of age at which complementary foods were introduced in the children studied.
Table 16 Presentation of the weaning food for the children
Table 17 Presentation of the frequency of the children’s intake of listed essential nutrients
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1: Presentation of Maslow’s hierarchy of human needs
Figure 2: Presentation of the age of children studied
Figure 3: Presentation of responses to breastfeeding
The joy of having young children is only perfected if they are able to grow and develop into healthy productive adults. This study was prepared to determine the influence of mother’s socioeconomic status on childhood (1-5years) nutrition: A survey of St. Vincent Hospital, Ndubia, Ebonyi State. The objectives of the study were to determine the educational status of the mothers, economic level of mothers, assess the nutritional status of children and determine childhood nutritional practices of these mothers that affected childhood nutrition. A descriptive research design was adopted. Convenience sampling and interview methods were used for the study. The findings from the study show that majority of mothers used were of low socio economic status and adopted poor childhood nutritional practices. Only few (20%) of the mothers had post-secondary education; 44% of them lived on over N10,000 a month. Also only 28% of the mothers breastfed their children beyond one year and 54% of them introduced complementary diets from the age of three months. Based on the above findings, recommendations were made with the hope that their implementation will enhance the social, economic and nutritional status of the population studied.
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care, 9th Edition. Edinburgh: Churchill Living Stone.
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Chaudhury (2010), Determinants of dietary intake and dietary adequacy for
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Dare, A.A., Ngaski, G.S. and Fumilola A.I. (2005), Assessment of Nutritional
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Department of Nursing Science
Faculty of Health Science and
This questionnaire is designed to collect information on the influence of mother’s socioeconomic status on childhood (0-5years) nutrition: A survey of St. Vincent’s hospital, Ndubia.
You are requested to give frank answers to the questions below. They are purely for research work and all information will be held confidentially. You are not needed to put down your name in order to maintain anonymity.
Tick (√) in the box bearing the right answer(s) below.
(A) Information on the mothers:
(i) Demographic Data:
1. What is your age?
15-19yrs 20-24yrs 25-29yrs
30-45yrs 46yrs and above
2. What is your religion?
Christianity Muslim African Traditional Religion
(ii) Educational Data:
3. What is your level of education of the mother?
Non Primary Secondary Tertiary
4. Did you attend any learning school?
(a) Computer School (b) Catering School
(c) Tailoring (d) Specify___________________________
(iii) Economic Data:
5. What is your occupational status?
Self employed Business Civil servant
Petty trading None
6. How much do you earn in a month?
(a) No source of income (b) N500-N1000
(c) N1000-N10,000 (d) N10,000-N30,000
(e) N30,000 and above
7. Are you married? Yes No Widow
8. If Yes how much does he earn? (a) No source of income
(b) N500-N1000 (c) N1000-N10,000 (d) N10,000-N30,000
(e) N30,000 and above
9. What is his occupation? (a) Self employed (b) Business
(c) Civil Servant (d) Petty trading (e) None
(B) Information on the child:
(iv) Demographic Data:
10. What is the sex? Male Female
11. What is the age of the child?
1-2yrs 2-4yrs 4-5yrs
12. Weight Height
13. Mid upper arm circumference____________________________
14. Body mass index______________________________________
(v) Nutritional Data:
15. Is the baby breast feeding? Yes No
16. Exclusively? Otherwise
17. How long was the baby breastfed?
2-3months 3-6months 6-9months
18. How long do you intend to breast feed your baby?___________________
19. On what food did you wean the baby? Maize pap
Rice and yam moi-moi Agidi
20. How often do you feed the child on the above listed food?____________
21. Do you have any food taboo? Yes No22. Was the colostrums discarded? Yes No
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