There has been an increasing internet in learning in teaching learning and training at universities during the last ten years. With the developing technology, educational methods have deferred as well as money other processes. Firstly a definition on the learning as a new approach should be given. The learning could shortly be defined as a web based educational system on platform with internet, internet or computer access. The concept of the learning has two main subtitles as synchronized (where a group of students and an instructor actualized and online conference meeting in a computer environments). Students have access to the course contents whenever they want and communicate whenever they want and communicate with their peers or teachers via communication tools such as e-mail and forums. In order the distance learning system to succeed in planned as both synchronized and synchronized.
WHAT IS LEARNING?
Internet has been widely used for less than ten years; it has changed the content of money concepts in our lives as a modern communication tools. Many common concepts such as government trade democracy and learning have gained new meanings by taking the prefix “e” E-learning or web- based education, is one of the importance concepts and opportunities provided by the internet. The concept of distance learning actually emerged much before than the internet; actually, it is said to be as old as education.
The distance learning models administered via letters, press, television and CDs have ended up with practical, and successful results. As internet is global, unlimited and open to public, the teaching applications planned fro the internet environment has a potential of moderating the nature of distance learning. It seems that it will be the only distance learning, is applied via internet technologies and involves the educational activities, which do not require the presence of the teacher and learning at the same time and place.
FROM CLASS-ROOM EDUCATION TO E-LEARNING
When compared to the classroom education, e-learning offers many advantages to student firstly; during the e-learning process students have the chance to decide how long they want to be educated. All the decisions on issues such as learning
WHAT IS E LEARNING?
Internet has been widely used for less then ten years, how ever, it has changed the contents of money concepts in our lives as a modern communication tool. Many common concepts such as government, trade, democracy, and learning have gained new meanings by talking the prefix “e” E leaning or web- based education is one of the important concepts and opportunities provided by the internet. The concept of distance learning actually emerged much before than the internet; actually it is said to be as old as education.
The distance learning models administered via letters, press, television and CDs have ended up with practical and successful results. As internet is global, unlimited and open to public, the teaching applications planned for the internet environment has a potential of moderating the nature of distance learning.
It seems that it will be the only distance learning tool of the near future. E-learning, as a new version of distance learning, is applied via the internet technologies and involves the educational activities, which do not require the presence of the teacher and learner at the same time and place.
FROM THE CLASSROOM EDUCATION TO E- LEARNING
When compared to the classroom education, e- learning offers many advantages to students. Firstly during the e-learning process, students have the chance to decide how log they want to be educated. All the decisions on issues such as learning speed and the intensity of the topic depends on the student.
Student has the right to get in contact in case of any problems. It does not require an expenses such as transportation or accommodation. Since e-learning process is a student centered educational system, the learning materials could be organized according to the professional responsibilities and qualifications of the student. An effective e- learning system enables students to determine and process his/her learning style, content, aim, current knowledge and individual skills.
Therefore, person-specific education could be provided through creating individual learning styles. E-learning enables the individual to plan and direct his/her own learning process, so each student take the responsibility of his/her own learning.
In additional, the forums, created within the e-learning system, provide students with a discussion environment where problems are solved cooperatively in chat rooms. With the help of cooperation which is the best way of effective learning, e-learning enables the user not one-way communication as the as in the classroom education but the duplex interaction.
TYPES OF E- LEARNING
There are many types e-learning which includes, e-examination, e- drills, e-book and e television, e-counseling and e-sound book.
e- examination: In this application, students are administered many proof exams in the internet environment before, the formal exams, which enables them to determine their approximate levels. These proof exams, which enable the students to determine their approximate readiness levels, are the most facilitated e-learning services.
e-mills: with the internet based drill soft wares, it is aimed to create an effective and productive studying atmosphere for students. As students access these activities on the internet, they could study on the units through interactive multimedia softwares and reinforce their knowledge by examining numerous examples. Internet based drill soft wares with animation and intensive student computer interaction could be in service within this programme.
Students enrolled in the distance learning system, could study on the softwares with or without sound effects. Therefore, students of the system could study more effectively and productively in the internet environment speed up and the intensity of the topic depends on the students. Students has the right to get in contact in case of any problems.
IMPORTANCE OF E-LEARNING IN THE MODERN TIME
Knowledge is one treasure that no one can take away from you. We go to school to learn and gain knowledge which will eventually help us to become professionals. There are different kinds of learning institutions and these promote, non private, religious and government owned school. Which ever school you opt to go to, the most important thing is that you are gaining widows. Due to rapid change in technology, learning can also be acquired through the help of the internet and it is called e-learning.
WHAT IS E LEARNING?
This is a type of teaching and learning that one can be obtained by the means of online technology. Instead of going to school and attend a regular class e learning is done in the comfort of your home wherein your can also gain intellectually. This application and procedure consist of online learning, computer support education, virtual and digital team work. The subject matter are transported by the use of the internet, private computer network, extranet, CD-Rom, audit and video tape, and via satellite television. All those can be self placed and instructor led which compromises medium in the type of book, illustration, moving pictures, flowing audio and video type.
e-learning is the most expedient way in learning and training without having to go to school or training centers. This is advantageous to those who have less time in going one place to another. Others that have a day job and till want to pursue their studies can benefit from e-learning. He can just learn at home after work at his free time and hot thinking of the pressure that he might get late for class. However, for those who are working and need attend trainings e-learning is also an advantage. You can just have the training at your own office via web based learning and other form of high technology education.
The importance of e-learning is that it is student centered which focuses on students particular needs. It simultaneously authorizes learners of different back drop to equally access the superlative resources, learning and referral materials, tutoring, and teaching sessions from knowledgeable instructors. Those who are fasciculate in using this kind of education know the significance of an e-learning site. Companies that offers e-learning present different learning services like designing and structuring training program, learning training through web based programme and online education E learning is curricula especially for those who are sick and needs to be at home or at the hospital at all times. With this new way of teaching, no student will be left out. All lessons can be learned in just one click. This allows any user to be in a live class of any subject that he wants. No matter where the professor is that moment, students can still learn by the help of the internet. With this arrangement, students tend to learning easily and they are permitted to down load whenever study material they want and need.
Although some companies require fee for e-learning, there are some corporation offers it for free take advantage of the free e-learning courses because this will help you gain more knowledge without spending, a single centavo for enrollment.
E books and e television: In order to enable the students to access the books and TV program on the internet, the contents of the course books and TV programs could be presented on the internet as a e books and e television.
Therefore, a student of the system could easily access the course books, Tv programs, study through the multimedia research softwares and access him/her self through the proof tests in an internet café or at his/her own pc at the office.
e- counseling: The one-to-one academic counseling provided to the students could also be provided in a similar format on the internet. Parallel to the research softwares, students are allowed to ask questions to enable their academic counselors related to their course contents.
E, sound book- The e sound book application which enables especially the visually restarted students to listen to the course book contents, could be provided on the internet.
Therefore, visually retarted students and the students with screen reading difficulties, could access their course books form their officers or from an internet –café. They could listen to the contents of their course book by down loading the sound files on their computers (mutln kip and kayabas) eight criteria to be used in the evaluation of the E learning projects.
E learning pie graph is a simple tool that is used for the evaluation of projects. These graphs involve the following questions:-
How coherent are the aims and targets of the organization with your e-learning? How strong is your proof for achieving the aims and targets of the organization with e-learning and how well have you done the applicability analysis?
Culture: what is the appropriate culture for e-learning? Does your organization have this culture? If not, are you trying to attain something that is necessary for your?
Content quality: this is the knowledge provided within e-learning appropriate to the student’s needs? Is the amount of knowledge sufficient? Is this educationally, meaningful?
Resources: are the required financial ready for e-learning? If not, could more financial resources found?
Speed: could your e-learning material address the change rapidly? Would it be able to transfer the new knowledge at the address your need to increase your capacity to move faster?
Skill: - Does your group have the required levels of skills for applying e-learning? If not, have you been trying to attain them within this project?
Technological change: could your organization address the improvement in the e-learning technology? Or are you limited with the current information technology structure, security or compatibility problems? Have you tried to overcome these problem?
Leadership: Are the leaders supportive, logical and ready? What could you do in order to make leaders provide significance and expertise? In order to evaluate the e-learning project.
· The pie graph is reevaluated in order to reflect the current problems.
· Each criterion is given values between 1 and 10.
· It is explained what the pie graph tells about e- learning. Does the graph tell you how e-learning could be improved and how could more pie pieces be attained? Why did some parts get higher scores than the others? Could you learn things from pieces with high scores, which allow you to do applications for parts with low scores?
· The relative importance given to each item in the organization, and the questions prepared for the score sequence are evaluated.
THE ADVANTAGES OF E-LEARNING APPLICATION
The application scope of e-learning is rather wide. The important point in e-learning application is its being able to educate the learner through technological tools whereas in traditional classroom teaching, the educator. Many e-learning application involve mutual interaction; for example, in virtual classroom applications, students (from different places) could get education together in a virtual classroom.
The trainer could ask question to the classroom and the participants could respond to question through their screen. It enables the reviewing and renewing of educational materials in terms of accuracy and appropriate. Technological tools not only make education more attractive through rich audio-visual presentations but also increase the level of learning. With, the rapid attainment of knowledge and experience, it becomes easy for the working people to keep up with the changing business world. E-learning applications would contribute to important development in human resources, content and technology in Nigeria. E learning provides the learner the chance to decide when to learn as well as how fast and how much to learn; and enables them to contact the teachers via e-mail or forums. Since there is no need to go to a campus, they have no expenses for accommodation or transportation.
THE CHARACTERISTICS OF E-LEARNER
The students, who would participate in e-learning applications need to have some characteristics or abilities.
· The first condition of learning is to have the will for it. E-learners direct their own learning. This is an advantage but sometimes problems may occur. An e-learner should aim to keep his/her self. Motivation for learning at the highest level.
· E-learners have to spend certain times of the day for education. They should not make themselves sit in front of the computer for long hours. It is a fact that the planned educational sessions increase achievement.
· When deciding on the time for education, e-learners should choose less busy hours of the day when education could be less interrupted. They should keep their attention away from the outer factors as much as they can.
· After completing each course, e-learners should think about the knowledge they attained as well as how to use it. This would increase the level of motivation.
· E-learner should determine daily targets for themselves.
· E-learners should not hesitate to get in contact with the teachers of peers via e mail or formation case they need to reinforce or repeat a topic
LEARNER- CONTENT INTERACTION IN LEARNING
Within the designing process of teaching, it an important step to organize the interaction and communication opportunities. Interaction is an important factor especially in Open University where students teachers and teaching resources are away from each other in terms of time and place. Learning based interaction mainly has three types. These are learner-content, learner teacher and leaner –leaner interaction.
Another accepted interaction type is the learner interface interaction learner- interface interaction emphasizes the learners interaction with technology whereas the learner content interaction focuses on a pedagogical interaction. At Open University system, since learner teacher and learner –learner interaction is limited within distance learning, learning, learner-content interaction has a critical importance in reaching the learner targets.
TYPES OF INTERACTION IN LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS
With the content provided to the open university students and the students own ways of interaction not only case the self-learning but also affect the learning process positively. In this system, where the learner- content interaction is provided by books as main materials, e-learning services such as TV programs, e-exams e drills, e books, e television and e counseling would reinforce the interaction and increase student achievement.
In a study where the two year plice occupational education program students e-learning records and student information were analyzed within a couple of years, a comparison was made between the student who belong and do not belong to the e-learning program.
According to the end of year averages students of the e-learning program has higher achievement levels than the others. In 2003 -2005 academic years as study was conducted in order to determine the e- learning programs students of open university differed form the ones who were not involved in the e-learning program. The midterm exam results showed that the scores of the students of e-learning program were higher than that of the ones who were not in the program.
As e-learning services varied, learner-content interaction was observed to have improved in the open university, which contributed tot eh increase in the student achievement levels.
SUGGESTION FOR E LEARNING APPLICATIONS
When e-learning programs are administered as a support or alternative for the traditional learning methods, the learning process becomes more consistent as well as the learnt knowledge. Although the infrastructure expenses for e-learning are high, the long term education and service quality are more satisfactory.
The equipment for this program should be well designed. The design team should first determine the target audience accurately, and consider many aspects such as the type of the education and media. The correct choice in the equipment and communication type to be utilized would contribute to the more effective and productive use of time as well as reducing the expenses for the communication and investment. On the other hand, the approach of the government towards e-learning, the awareness created in the society and socio-economical statuses are among the factors that speed up the e-learning process. Such contributions to education could also reflect on the development of technological infrastructure of the country.
This creates competition among the countries in the globalizing world. Additionally, the rapid development in technology assists in the development educational system as well as leading to more educational models to emerge. Establishment of virtual labs provides the chance to follow the development in education in the world, especially for the institutions, which are the financially unavailable to purchase lab equipment.
Therefore, a competitive environment is created in education, which leads to sustains development with e-learning environments. Students could continue the teacher- leaner relationship from deferent places at different times.
E-learning terminates the limitation of time and place while providing learning environments with lower expenses. In learning process, the relationship between teacher, learner, and peers has great impotence. Individual learning is also important, however, the efficiency of learning together could not be avoided. Achievement depends on support and individuals, need assistance in learning topics. Therefore, teachers of e-learning programs need to have a serious in service training; because many e-learning programs require mutual interaction via technological, tools. The word “electronic” as a prefix for e-learning does not only mean that learning occur with technological tools but also requires the awareness in developing technologies.
So, teachers of e-learning programs need to be trained in information technologies and internet in order to gather with their students in virtual classrooms. Additionally, they have to have the ability to administer all applications successfully and to follow the developments in pioneer countries in e-learning and distance learning.
It is also very important for teachers to be able to provide academic counseling together with their competence and expertise in information services.
It should be well- understood that e-learning applications could succeed, by preferred and developed only with the participations of the teachers with above- mentioned characteristic.