EVALUATING THE CHALLENGES MILITATING AGAINST RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA



ABSTRACT
This research work is an evaluation of the challenges militating against rural development in Nigeria: A case study of Ebonyi Local Government Area. Indeed the primary reason for this study is to fulfill one of the necessary requirement for the award of Bachelors Degree in Public Administration and Local Government, but there are other cogent reasons behind the choice of this topic and embarking on the findings. During the course of this study on the factors militating against rural Development in the rural communities, it was established that they are diverse and complex. They range from high level of illiteracy, insufficient pursuit of self-help projects in rural communities maladministration by the Local Government Chairmen, poor rural development planning and infrastructural decay and insufficiency and rural poverty of the people. The impact and severity of these problems vary from community to community. It was based on these identified hindering forces that a number of strategies of the predicaments were suggested.



TOPIC
EVALUATING THE CHALLENGES MILITATING AGAINST RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

A CASE STUDY OF EBONYI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT
PACIFIC WESTERN UNIVERSITY, DENVER
STATE OF COLORADO, USA
AT MACOTIS UCCU, GLOBAL CAMPUS

          
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
i

Approval page- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
ii

Certification page - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
iii

Dedication - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
iv

Acknowledgment - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
v

Table of content - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
vi

List of tables - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
vii

Abstract - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
x

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1
1.1
Background of the Study - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  
1
1.2
Statement of the Problem - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  -
4
1.3
Purpose of the Study - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
5
1.4
Significance of the Study - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
6
1.5
Scope of the Study - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
8
1.6
Research Questions - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
8

CHAPTER TWO: Literature Review - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
9
2.1
The meaning of rural development - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
9
2.2
Rural Neglect and underdevelopment in Nigeria - - - - - - -  
13
2.3
Challenges in rural development - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
16
2.4
Strategies for rural development in Nigeria - - - - - - - - - -
21

CHAPTER THREE: Research Methodology  - - - - - - - - -
26
3.1
Research Design - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
26
3.2
Population of the Study - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
28
3.3
Sample and sampling techniques - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
29
3.4
Instrument for data collection - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
30
3.5
Method of data collection data analysis - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
31
3.6
Method of data analysis - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
31
3.7
Validation of the instrument - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
31
3.8
Reliability of the instrument - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
31

CHAPTER FOUR:


Presentation, analysis and summary of data - - - - - - - - - - -  
32

CHAPTER FIVE:


Discussion, Conclusion, Recommendation and Summary -  
40
5.1
Discussion  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
40
5.2
Conclusion  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - -
41
5.3
Recommendation  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
42
5.4
Summary of the Finding  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
43

References  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - -
45

Appendix (Questionnaire) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
48

LIST OF TABLES
1.         Is Ebonyi Local Government Area underdevelopment?
2.         Do the communities understand the value and use of self-help prgorammes in rural development?  
3.         Does the previous and present chairmen of the Local Government make enough effort and commitment to develop the rural communities?
4.         Do you agree that the educated ones lack commitment to the rural development of Ebonyi Local Government rural communities?
5.         Do you agree that illiteracy contributes bye and large to rural backwardness in development of communities in Ebonyi Local Government Area?
6.         Do you agree that people in the rural communities of Ebonyi Local Government Area, have access to few infrastructural facilities like pipe-borne water, electricity post office and good network of roads.
7.         Can it be accepted that communal crisis and boundary dispute militate against rural development in Ebonyi Local Government Area?
8.         Do you agree that if modern mechanized farming is encouraged and pursued by the administrators of the Local Government Area rural development can be enhanced?
9.         Do you agree that genuine economic empowerment of the youths and rural co-operatives will significantly engender rapid development of rural communities of Ebonyi Local Government Area?



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
i

Approval page- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
ii

Certification page - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
iii

Dedication - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
iv

Acknowledgment - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
v

Table of content - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
vi

List of tables - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
vii

Abstract - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
x

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1
1.1
Background of the Study - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  
1
1.2
Statement of the Problem - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  -
4
1.3
Purpose of the Study - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
5
1.4
Significance of the Study - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
6
1.5
Scope of the Study - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
8
1.6
Research Questions - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
8

CHAPTER TWO: Literature Review - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
9
2.1
The meaning of rural development - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
9
2.2
Rural Neglect and underdevelopment in Nigeria - - - - - - -  
13
2.3
Challenges in rural development - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
16
2.4
Strategies for rural development in Nigeria - - - - - - - - - -
21

CHAPTER THREE: Research Methodology  - - - - - - - - -
26
3.1
Research Design - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
26
3.2
Population of the Study - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
28
3.3
Sample and sampling techniques - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
29
3.4
Instrument for data collection - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
30
3.5
Method of data collection data analysis - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
31
3.6
Method of data analysis - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
31
3.7
Validation of the instrument - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
31
3.8
Reliability of the instrument - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
31

CHAPTER FOUR:


Presentation, analysis and summary of data - - - - - - - - - - -  
32

CHAPTER FIVE:


Discussion, Conclusion, Recommendation and Summary -  
40
5.1
Discussion  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
40
5.2
Conclusion  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - -
41
5.3
Recommendation  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
42
5.4
Summary of the Finding  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
43

References  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - -
45

Appendix (Questionnaire) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
48

LIST OF TABLES
1.         Is Ebonyi Local Government Area underdevelopment?
2.         Do the communities understand the value and use of self-help prgorammes in rural development?  
3.         Does the previous and present chairmen of the Local Government make enough effort and commitment to develop the rural communities?
4.         Do you agree that the educated ones lack commitment to the rural development of Ebonyi Local Government rural communities?
5.         Do you agree that illiteracy contributes bye and large to rural backwardness in development of communities in Ebonyi Local Government Area?
6.         Do you agree that people in the rural communities of Ebonyi Local Government Area, have access to few infrastructural facilities like pipe-borne water, electricity post office and good network of roads.
7.         Can it be accepted that communal crisis and boundary dispute militate against rural development in Ebonyi Local Government Area?
8.         Do you agree that if modern mechanized farming is encouraged and pursued by the administrators of the Local Government Area rural development can be enhanced?
9.         Do you agree that genuine economic empowerment of the youths and rural co-operatives will significantly engender rapid development of rural communities of Ebonyi Local Government Area?


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