5.0 FINDING, RECOMMENDATIONS AND SUGGESTIONS.
Hiving gone through some educational philosophies of Mathew Lipman, Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, John Locke and Dr. Michel Eneja, and the Nigerian Education Reforms, some challenge to the Nigerian educational [system/reforms] were discovered. The following are the challenges and the suggested strategies for overcoming the existing deficiencies with a view to bringing stability and progress in the Nigerian educational system.
5.1 SCHOOLING WITHOUT THINKING
The pedagogical type of education our colonial masters gave us, in which they taught Nigerians what they called the 3Rs- Reading, writing and Arithmetic is still in us Nigeria today.
Our educational system should include the 4th R- which is REASONABLENESS. To do this, Nigeria should adapt and Andragogical system of education. This is an educational system of education that promotes critical, creative and caring thinking in the classroom, so as to teach the Nigerian citizens reasonable thinking capable of generating meaningful dialogue. MEANINFUL DIALOGUE provides an ecumenical self-correcting process of fallibility flexibility. With this ability of self-correcting process, an individual is always equipped with the most agreeable and pleasant manner to present a bitter truth to enhance its acceptance for the sake of peace and equilibrium in our society. With this type of genuine dialogue, all the factors militating against our democracy would be flushed out, to give peace and progress chance to reign in Nigeria. Reformer, believes in using reason to search for the truth rather than simply accepting the opinions of the authorities or be subject to superstitions. The grand norms of the African Thinkers (University) would be of much help in this regard.
5.2 STATIC EDUCATIONAL CURRICULUM
The type of absolutizing, perfectionist curriculum used by our colonial master is still in use today. In some places of the country, teachers dre made to teach without a well depend curriculum is, to say the least, a professional misconduct.
The educational curriculum-whether at the Nursing school level, should be redesigned to help the participants to operate at Higher-Order-Thinking (H.O.T) level. This would help the participants to cultivate a moral renovating educative method that involves critical, creative. And earring Thinking in a community of Inquiry (COI) –in search for the authentic truth and meaning. this can also be achieved through the introduction of the Adragogical educative process of the African Thinkers University into our educational system at all level.
5.3 SHORTAGE OF SKILLED TEACHERS
There is the persistent shortage of teachers, especially in the science and vocational oriented disciplines. This is a challenge to our educational system.
Education is a dynamic process which requires constant review and reassessment of its practice, methods and services. The teacher, being the key-figure in this process, must be able to cope with the demands and changes inherent in the education system. In order to keep pace with all these, the teacher would require periodic up grading, refresher and other improvement causes generally referred to as IN-SERVICE courses. This is essential for the well-being of the education system in our country. On shortage of vocational teachers, there are millions of Nigerian (s) who are skilled in farming, wood work, radio and television repairing, auto-mechanic, masonry etc. who are either literate or semi-literate-working as artisans-many of whom are good teachers in their own rights, particularly in technical fields. These few existing teachers in schools to assist in teaching vocational courses their knowledge can be blended with the teachers’ theoretical perspective this can continue until enough skilled teachers are produced.
5.4 LACK OF SPACE TECHNOLOGY
The two big science-space technology and under technology-determine the economic and military power of a nation. Any country without these potentials is classified as under-developed.
Nigeria should Endeavour to join the space club in order to reap from the immense benefits which the space science promises for a better tomorrow.
The National Space Research Development Agency (NASRDA) which has been established in Abuja, should be well funded in order to be more functional.
The University of Nigeria Nsukka, has been designated one of the approved national centres for basic space sciences. Enough fund should be provided for these centres for a meaningful progress and development. The money so provided should be prudently spent.
A new space policy and program should be approved by the Nigerian Federal Government, with a view to making all these efforts materialize and the project centres well funded.
Nigerian citizens working under foreign governments like America, Britain, and many others, should be invited to return home to help develop our own technology here in our country.
5.5 WRONG CONCEPT OF FREE EDUCATION
There is the general misconception that everything about free education should be free- including the provisions of school uniforms; textbooks, meals, traveling cost and other personal experiences. Education is hardly free because resource inputs are always needed and some one has to pay for them in one form of the other.
The government at all levels, individuals and groups of individuals should help the schools to embark on agro based projects as finance yielding ventures such as:
(a) Cassava farms with garri, starch and tapioca (Abacha) processing units
(c) Rice farms with rice milling and packaging processing units.
(d) Fish farms with cold storage facilities.
(e) Groundnut farms with storage and groundnut oil processing facilities. This can be a source of learning and employment for the students.
The federal Government can provide the fund for establishing all these in the schools, because occasionally this country witnesses a financial rain fall from a variety of sources, like crude oil sales, and recovered loots from the past government officials. For example, in 200, the soiss government promised to release to Nigeria the $618 million (N90 billion) starched in her various banks by one of Nigeria’s past leaders (Vanguard Dec. 2003 p. 14).