READING TRENDS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION



THE CONTRIBUTION OF PHILOSOPHERS TO EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT 

Frederich W. Froebel
*  Advocates for self activity and
evolution in which the inborn
endowments of the individual
naturally unfold.

* He also advocated for an enriched viable environment free from corruption for the children to play with concretes objects like toys, games, geometric, horlms egg-balls, cubbs and blocks, sizes shapes etc.


* Froebel believed that all things are unified by God. His education advocated for freedom for the child to explore on his own & for adult to support.



PHILOSOPHICAL VIEWS
EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATION
Frederich W. Froebel
*  Advocates for self activity and
evolution in which the inborn
endowments of the individual
naturally unfold.

* He also advocated for an enriched viable environment free from corruption for the children to play with concretes objects like toys, games, geometric, horlms egg-balls, cubbs and blocks, sizes shapes etc.

* Froebel believed that all things are unified by God. His education advocated for freedom for the child to explore on his own & for adult to support.
Froebel suggested that pre-school children be given freedom to learn naturally.

* He also stated that children should be adequately equipped through their senses by providing concrete objects for learning and play is in line/consonance with piglet’s theory that the major mode of learning and play is in sensor motor and concrete experience.

JOHN HEINRICH PESTALOZZI
* Pestalozzi believed that the child be encouraged to gain knowledge through his own sensory experience, that is education of the child at this level should involve eseperiencing of things which the child sees, handle. He view the right order of learning, which should be from simple to complex or from known to unknown

* Pestalozzi Advocated that children should receive from their parents & teachers both instruction and discipline for the development of their potentials. He also suggested that the society should aid the growth of the children by providing equal educational opportunity for every child.

* He advocated for healthy and supportive environment to be created by both home and school for the development of young children.   
* Pestalozzi in his contribution emphasized that both home and school should endeavor to provide enriched environment that will stimulate learning
* The teacher should provide conducive physical environment consisting of objects with which the children interact with objects, provision of enough space for play, learning materials such as books, toys and other resources that aid learning.

* Pestalozzi believed in considering the age of the learner in planning his programe, and that lesson should be sequential, children to learn from known to unknown. This implies that the teacher should facilitate his lesson by splits the units of work in small bits for easy comprehension by the children.

Jean Jacques Rousseau:- Advocates that – the child is naturally food and develop along good lines it let on his own.

* That the adult society is bad and corrupt and therefore influences children who come into contact with it

* The socio-political apparatus in the society affects educational system.                    
Rouseaus suggested that teaching should be child – centred and the methods of teaching to be activity oriented so as to create amusement and joy to the children.
- He is of the view that teachers should not force the child to learn rather teachers every lesson with play and activity. Children should not be forced to learn without their willing cooperation.

- Education provided to the children should take cognizance of their age of comprehension instead of stuffing the children with materials that are uninterested and of no value to their age. Instruction must be made to fit the child’s level of understanding and his stage of development and their immediate experience should be considered.      

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